Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Dairy cows on pasture.
Organic Dairy Feed Management Project - Webinars Webinars
Free
This program will present data from a recent Penn State study evaluating economic, environmental, and production data from organic dairy farms in Pennsylvania. More
Dairy cows on pasture.
Incorporating Brassicas Into Your Grazing System - Webinars Webinars
Free
Forage brassicas are high quality forages that can be grazed during the spring, summer forage slump, or used to extend fall grazing season. More
Dairy cattle grazing brassica pasture.
Extending Your Grazing Season with Brassicas - Workshops Workshops
Specialists from Penn State and USDA-ARS will present a variety of topics related to establishment and grazing of brassicas to extend the fall grazing season. More
Grazing dairy cows.
Diversified Grazing Systems - Webinars Webinars
Free
This presentation will discuss the benefits and challenges of managing a diversified grazing system. More
Dairy cow on pasture
Collecting a Forage Sample and Interpreting the Analysis - Webinars Webinars
Free
This webinar discusses how to collect a representative forage sample and how to interpret the analysis. More
Dairy cows on pasture
Alternative Supplementation for Grazing Dairy Cows - Webinars Webinars
Free
Recent and on-going research on supplementing dairy cows with molasses, flaxseed, and fodder is discussed. More
Nutrition may help prevent mastitis
Nutrition, Immunity and Mastitis - Articles Articles

Nutrition, Immunity and Mastitis

Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

The role of nutrition in mastitis prevention is reviewed relative to its impact on immune response of dairy cows More
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis
Determining Forage Quality: Understanding Feed Analysis - Articles Articles
Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means. More
Conventional Feed Schedule Component
Conventional Feed Schedule Component - Articles Articles

Conventional Feed Schedule Component

Virginia A. Ishler, Dan Ludwig

Feed management plan in a tie-stall dairy facility More
The graph generated from the Penn State IOFC tool
Income Over Feed Cost - Articles Articles

Income Over Feed Cost

Virginia A. Ishler

Monitoring income over feed costs (IOFC) is a way to evaluate a dairy's profitability. Several options are available to determine and interpret IOFC. More
Comprehensive Feed Management Monitoring Spreadsheet for Dairy Cows
Comprehensive Feed Management Monitoring Spreadsheet for Dairy Cows - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
A monitoring tool (Excel spreadsheet) for protein and phosphorus levels in the ration and manure evaluating lactating and dry cows, and heifers. More
Corn Silage and Feed Management Impact on Income over Feed Cost
Corn Silage and Feed Management Impact on Income over Feed Cost - Webinars Webinars
Free
Optimizing IOFC, results from transition silage testing 2015-2016, forage management project results to date, reminder of upcoming project meetings More
The TMR Mineral Mismatch
The TMR Mineral Mismatch - News News

The TMR Mineral Mismatch

07/14/2017

Carbohydrates and protein are critical nutrients in precision feeding however, some interesting observations on calcium and phosphorus agreement have materialized. More
Dairy Discussions
Dairy Discussions - Workshops Workshops
An informal opportunity to discuss issues that are important for you and your dairy operation in a round-table discussion format More
Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule
Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule - Articles Articles

Food Safety Modernization Act - Preventive Controls for Animal Feed Rule

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD, Luke LaBorde, Ph.D.

Learn the details and find educational resources on the FSMA Animal Feed Rule, including videos and training opportunities that address requirements, exemptions, and deadlines of the rule. More
Photo credit: Ginger Fenton
FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected? - Articles Articles

FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected?

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Enacted to further improve the safety of our food supply, these laws will impact most farms. More
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive - Articles

Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive

Capri Stiles-Mikesell, Greg Strait

Description of in-feed medications and how they fit into the new Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rules taking effect January 1, 2017. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Feeding in Robotic Milking Systems
Feeding in Robotic Milking Systems - News News
A look at feeding management in Pennsylvania robot herds. More
CalfTrack Calf Management System
CalfTrack Calf Management System - Articles Articles

CalfTrack Calf Management System

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

CalfTrack is a comprehensive program to train employees that are responsible for calf care. More
How Efficient Are Your Calves?
How Efficient Are Your Calves? - Articles Articles
Feeding more milk replacer to calves can increase average daily gain, but can reduce starter intake and lower nitrogen efficiency and postweaning digestion. More
Using a Colostrometer
Using a Colostrometer - Videos Videos

Using a Colostrometer

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Sonia Arnold

3:10

Demonstration of using a colostrometer to estimate IgG content in colostrum. More
Using a Brix Refractometer
Using a Brix Refractometer - Videos Videos

Using a Brix Refractometer

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Sonia Arnold

4:11

Learn how to use optical and digital Brix refractometers to determine how much IgG colostrum contains. More
Partially chopped field of corn for silage
Spreadsheet to Price Standing Corn for Silage - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Spreadsheet to Price Standing Corn for Silage

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Paul Craig, Douglas Beegle, Ph.D., Ken Griswold

Use this spreadsheet to price your standing corn for silage. More
Figure 1. Conversion of glucose to acetate. Source: "Digestion: The Fermentative Processes"
Ionophores: A Technology to Improve Cattle Efficiency - Articles Articles
This article explains how the use of ionophores--antibiotics that shift ruminal fermentation patterns--can improve cattle production efficiency. More