Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Negative Impacts of No Corn Silage Carryover
Negative Impacts of No Corn Silage Carryover - Articles Articles
Transition to 2012 early corn silage results in drops in milk production and fat test. More
Alternative Cropping Strategies
Alternative Cropping Strategies - Articles Articles
There are several strategies to consider for implementing alternative forages on dairy operations in Pennsylvania. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
Dealing with Bird Damage and Bagged Silage - Articles Articles
Crows are not dumb birds. They can cause a lot of damage to forages stored in Ag bags. More
The 365 Day Forage Ration
The 365 Day Forage Ration - Articles Articles

The 365 Day Forage Ration

Virginia A. Ishler

Cows perform best when they can be kept on a consistent ration and forage quality is excellent. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Analysis - Comparing Formulated to Actual - Articles Articles
New corn silage and candy product pose challenges to ration balancing. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Particle Size Affects Components - Articles Articles
Balanced rations for lactating dairy cows only work if ingredients are mixed properly. More
Know your cows by monitoring dry matter intake
Where to start in TMR fed herds? - Articles Articles
Monitoring dry matter intake helps to understand your cows. This is extremely important for knowing what is normal and abnormal for the operation. More
Do You Know Your Costs to Grow Feed?
Do You Know Your Costs to Grow Feed? - Articles Articles

Do You Know Your Costs to Grow Feed?

Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

Feed costs tend to be the largest expense on a dairy operation and managing those costs contributes to a dairy’s ability to be profitable. More
The Crop Costs Conversation: Get the Most out of Your Cropping Plan
The Crop Costs Conversation: Get the Most out of Your Cropping Plan - Articles Articles
Actual production costs for forage and grains can vary greatly from market prices. It pays to know your true costs. More
Using a TMR Mixing Sheet to Control Rations and Determine Feed Costs
Using a TMR Mixing Sheet to Control Rations and Determine Feed Costs - Articles Articles
Instructions for using the TMR Mix Sheet spreadsheet to accurately mix total mixed rations. More
Milk Components: Understanding Milk Fat and Protein Variation in Your Dairy Herd
Milk Components: Understanding Milk Fat and Protein Variation in Your Dairy Herd - Articles Articles
Description of variation found in production of milk components, factors that contribute to this variation, and strategies to improve component production. More