Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Compared to testing at room temperature, warm colostrum underestimates colostrum IgG and cold colostrum overestimates IgG.
Colostrometer Adjustment Spreadsheet - Downloadable Downloadable

Colostrometer Adjustment Spreadsheet

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Adjust readings from a colostrometer to provide the value expected if colostrum was tested at 68°F. More
Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet
Dairy Heifer Diet Formulator - Spreadsheet - Downloadable Downloadable
Choose feeds from the library or enter the composition of feeds on your farm, then balance a diet to meet a targeted growth rate. More
Batch Mix Spreadsheet
Batch Mix Spreadsheet - Downloadable Downloadable

Batch Mix Spreadsheet

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Provides a simple method of adjusting the amount fed as the dry matter of forages changes. Also contains instructions for determining dry matter using a microwave. More
Penn State Particle Separator
Penn State Particle Separator - Articles Articles

Penn State Particle Separator

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

The Forage and TMR Particle Separator was designed to help in determining the correct forage particle length needed to improve ruminant nutrition. More
Spreadsheet to Compare Cost of Milk and Milk Replacer
Spreadsheet to Compare Cost of Milk and Milk Replacer - Downloadable Downloadable
Tool to compare cost of feeding whole milk or milk replacer. Calculates cost per pound of dry matter and compares amount of nutrients provided by each feed. More
Spreadsheet to Calculate Milk Price
Spreadsheet to Calculate Milk Price - Downloadable Downloadable

Spreadsheet to Calculate Milk Price

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Calculates gross milk price using multiple-component pricing with the option of a somatic cell count adjustment. More
Customized Dairy Heifer Growth Chart
Customized Dairy Heifer Growth Chart - Articles Articles

Customized Dairy Heifer Growth Chart

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Generates a growth chart from mature size and age at first calving. Compares heifer performance to growth required to meet herd goals, not to a breed standard. More
Determining Forage Dry Matter
Determining Forage Dry Matter - Videos Videos

Determining Forage Dry Matter

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

9:21

Understanding dry matter is a key concept in animal nutrition. Learn the importance of dry matter and how to measure it using a microwave or Koster tester. More
CalfTrack Calf Management System
CalfTrack Calf Management System - Articles Articles

CalfTrack Calf Management System

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

CalfTrack is a comprehensive program to train employees that are responsible for calf care. More
Using a Colostrometer
Using a Colostrometer - Videos Videos

Using a Colostrometer

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

3:10

Demonstration of using a colostrometer to estimate IgG content in colostrum. More
Using a Brix Refractometer
Using a Brix Refractometer - Videos Videos

Using a Brix Refractometer

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

4:11

Learn how to use optical and digital Brix refractometers to determine how much IgG colostrum contains. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series
Using the Body Condition Scoring Excel Spreadsheet Series - Articles Articles
Instructions for the Body Condition Scoring spreadsheet series, used to evaluate body condition in cows and heifers. Spreadsheet series is designed for a scale of 1 to 5. More
Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten Pasteurisierung Mit Hitze töten - Articles
Pasteurisierung Pasteurisierte Sperrmilch einen hohen Nährwert für Milchviehkälber. Allerdings muss der Prozess korrekt Ablaufen, da sonst die Keime nicht ausreichend reduziert werden. More
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards
Growth Monitor: Compare Heifers to Breed Standards - Articles Articles
Spreadsheet tools for tracking dairy heifer growth in comparison to breed standards. More
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