Nutrition and Feed Management

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Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs
Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs - Articles Articles

Cost Comparison of Various Calf Feeding Programs

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Evaluation of costs of feeding pasteurized milk to calves compared to other systems considering current market conditions. More
Body Condition Scoring as a Tool for Dairy Herd Management
Body Condition Scoring as a Tool for Dairy Herd Management - Articles Articles

Body Condition Scoring as a Tool for Dairy Herd Management

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones, Virginia A. Ishler

Body condition scoring evaluates fatness or thinness according to a five-point scale and scores are used to fine-tune dairy nutrition and health. More
Dairy Heifers
Dairy Heifer Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Production

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

In most herds, dairy farmers replace 25 to 30 percent of the herd each year. These replacements represent a significant financial investment. More
Examples of Cows at Various Body Condition Scores
Examples of Cows at Various Body Condition Scores - Articles Articles
Photos demonstrate dairy cows with a range of body condition scores. Each photo includes key observations at that score. More
Feed Efficiency in Lactating Cows and Relationship to Income Over Feed Costs
Feed Efficiency in Lactating Cows and Relationship to Income Over Feed Costs - Articles Articles
Feed efficiency measures the relative ability of cows to turn feed nutrients into milk or milk components. In the simplest terms it is the pounds of milk produced per pound of dry matter consumed. More
Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production
Heifer Nutrition Modifications to Reduce Manure Production - Articles Articles
Replacing forage dry matter with concentrates offers potential to improve the efficiency of heifer feeding, while maintaining similar rates of gain and reducing excretion of manure and nutrients. More
Precision Feeding Dairy Heifers: Strategies and Recommendations
Precision Feeding Dairy Heifers: Strategies and Recommendations - Articles Articles
Provided feed intake is restricted to allow for an optimal average daily gain, high concentrate, precision-fed rations can be fed to dairy heifers successfully. More
Table: Comparison of Commercial Electrolyte Products
Table: Comparison of Commercial Electrolyte Products - Articles Articles
Summary of selected nutrients in commercial oral rehydration products. Table assumes products are mixed with water according the manufacturer's directions. More
Modified Urine Collection Cup
Modified Urine Collection Cup - Articles Articles
A method of collecting urine from female dairy cattle that requires no adhesive and allows the animal to urinate without restriction. More
Rumen cannula available for purchase includes the cannula and stopper (shown at left). The addition of rubber and plastic washers is shown in the photo on the right.
Rumen Cannula for Dairy Calves - Articles Articles
Penn State researchers have been using ruminally cannulated calves in nutrition experiments since 2003 and is now available for purchase from Penn State. More
Photos of Rumen Development
Photos of Rumen Development - Articles Articles

Photos of Rumen Development

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

This series of photos illustrates the process of rumen development in dairy calves. More
Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth
Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth - Articles Articles

Monitoring Dairy Heifer Growth

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Success of a heifer-rearing program can be evaluated by monitoring height and weight of heifers and comparing the results against the herd's growth goals. More
Photo credit: Amber Yutzy
Respuesta al Cambio en la Relación de Proteína a Energía - Articles Articles
Nuevos conceptos en los requerimientos de nutrientes para el crecimiento y estimación de los requerimientos de nutrientes de animales en crecimiento. More
Opportunities and Challenges of Feeding Distillers Grains Opportunities and Challenges of Feeding Distillers Grains - Articles
A review of feeding distillers grains to lactating dairy cows and challenges that may arise due to their use. More
Feed Efficiency in Dairy Heifers
Feed Efficiency in Dairy Heifers - Articles Articles

Feed Efficiency in Dairy Heifers

Jud Heinrichs, Coleen M. Jones

Discussion of ways to improve feed efficiency in dairy heifers. More
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