Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Dairy Sense: Formula to Profitability is MBA
Dairy Sense: Formula to Profitability is MBA - Articles Articles
Successful farms implement good management practices, find balance in their various enterprises, and invest in appropriate assets. More
Dairy Sense: Qualifying for the Six Pound Club
Dairy Sense: Qualifying for the Six Pound Club - Articles Articles
Increasing milk components can boost milk price even if milk volume stays the same. More
Photo credit: Matt Gabler
Dairy Sense: Know Your Herd’s Feed Costs? - Articles Articles
Maintaining positive cash flow on dairy farms requires good management of cropping, feeding, and financials. More
Photo credit: Dave Swartz
Dairy Sense: The Major Influencer of Cash Flow Mechanics - Articles Articles
Focus on total pounds of milk produced, not milk per cow, for positive cash flow. More
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management - Articles Articles

From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management

Coleen M. Jones, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Virginia A. Ishler

Feeding adequate quantities of high-quality forages is the basis of profitable milk and livestock production. More
Conventional Feed Schedule Component
Conventional Feed Schedule Component - Articles Articles

Conventional Feed Schedule Component

Virginia A. Ishler, Dan Ludwig

Feed management plan in a tie-stall dairy facility More
The graph generated from the Penn State IOFC tool
Income Over Feed Cost - Articles Articles

Income Over Feed Cost

Virginia A. Ishler

Monitoring income over feed costs (IOFC) is a way to evaluate a dairy's profitability. Several options are available to determine and interpret IOFC. More
Comprehensive Feed Management Monitoring Spreadsheet for Dairy Cows
Comprehensive Feed Management Monitoring Spreadsheet for Dairy Cows - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
A monitoring tool (Excel spreadsheet) for protein and phosphorus levels in the ration and manure evaluating lactating and dry cows, and heifers. More
Corn Silage and Feed Management Impact on Income over Feed Cost
Corn Silage and Feed Management Impact on Income over Feed Cost - Webinars Webinars
Free
Optimizing IOFC, results from transition silage testing 2015-2016, forage management project results to date, reminder of upcoming project meetings More
The TMR Mineral Mismatch
The TMR Mineral Mismatch - News News

The TMR Mineral Mismatch

07/14/2017

Carbohydrates and protein are critical nutrients in precision feeding however, some interesting observations on calcium and phosphorus agreement have materialized. More
Partially chopped field of corn for silage
Spreadsheet to Price Standing Corn for Silage - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Spreadsheet to Price Standing Corn for Silage

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler, Robert C. Goodling, Jr., Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D., Paul Craig, Douglas Beegle, Ph.D., Ken Griswold

Use this spreadsheet to price your standing corn for silage. More
Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs
Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs - Articles Articles
To remain profitable, producers should be monitoring and making decisions based on their herd's "income over feed costs" (IOFC). More
Prévention et Contrôle des Problèmes d’aplombs Chez les Vaches Laitières
Prévention et Contrôle des Problèmes d’aplombs Chez les Vaches Laitières - Articles Articles

Prévention et Contrôle des Problèmes d’aplombs Chez les Vaches Laitières

Virginia A. Ishler, David R. Wolfgang, VMD, MPH DABVP-Dairy, Dave Griswold, Bruno Martin

La santé des aplombs et les boiteries sont des soucis majeurs auxquels les producteurs de lait font face à cause de leur apparition fréquente et des pertes économiques énormes engendrées. More
Diagnostic des Fievres de Lait et Vaches Couchees
Diagnostic des Fievres de Lait et Vaches Couchees - Articles Articles

Diagnostic des Fievres de Lait et Vaches Couchees

Virginia A. Ishler, Bruno Martin

Cet article inclut causes possibles, symptômes et situation du problème, les formes des fièvres de lait, paramètres sanguins, suggestion de maitrise, balance anion cations. More
Milk Production Records and Feeding Records for Management Control
Milk Production Records and Feeding Records for Management Control - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps
Record books and an online tool designed to help dairy producers monitor milk production and feed intakes from the herd daily. More
Crop Cents Mobile App
Crop Cents Mobile App - Tools and Apps Tools and Apps

Crop Cents Mobile App

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler, Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

CropCents is a mobile app that calculates actual costs to produce home raised feeds for crop, dairy, and beef producers. More
Dairy Heifers
Dairy Heifer Production - Articles Articles

Dairy Heifer Production

Jud Heinrichs, Virginia A. Ishler, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D., Lynn Kime

In most herds, dairy farmers replace 25 to 30 percent of the herd each year. These replacements represent a significant financial investment. More
Know your cows by monitoring dry matter intake
Where to start in TMR fed herds? - Articles Articles

Where to start in TMR fed herds?

Virginia A. Ishler

Monitoring dry matter intake helps to understand your cows. This is extremely important for knowing what is normal and abnormal for the operation. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Particle Size Affects Components - Articles Articles
Balanced rations for lactating dairy cows only work if ingredients are mixed properly. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
TMR Analysis - Comparing Formulated to Actual - Articles Articles
New corn silage and candy product pose challenges to ration balancing. More
The 365 Day Forage Ration
The 365 Day Forage Ration - Articles Articles

The 365 Day Forage Ration

Virginia A. Ishler

Cows perform best when they can be kept on a consistent ration and forage quality is excellent. More
Sampling and Evaluating Forages and Total Mixed Rations (TMR)
Sampling and Evaluating Forages and Total Mixed Rations (TMR) - Articles Articles
Obtaining a good representative sample of forages and total mixed rations is important for proper interpretations. More
Protein Monitoring Tools
Protein Monitoring Tools - Articles Articles

Protein Monitoring Tools

Virginia A. Ishler

This article is a supplement to the Excel spreadsheets on “Monitoring Protein and MUN for Milk Cows” and “Monitoring Protein for Dry Cows and Heifers”. More
Phosphorus Monitoring Tools
Phosphorus Monitoring Tools - Articles Articles

Phosphorus Monitoring Tools

Virginia A. Ishler

This article is a supplement to the Excel spreadsheets on “Monitoring Phosphorus for Milk Cows” and “Monitoring Phosphorus for Dry Cows and Heifers”. More
Non-lactating Animals Count Too
Non-lactating Animals Count Too - Articles Articles

Non-lactating Animals Count Too

Virginia A. Ishler

Dry cows and heifers take up on average 20 percent of the farm’s total feed costs (home raised and purchased). More
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