Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Corn Silage and Feed Management Impact on Income over Feed Cost
Corn Silage and Feed Management Impact on Income over Feed Cost - Webinars Webinars
Optimizing IOFC, results from transition silage testing 2015-2016, forage management project results to date, reminder of upcoming project meetings More
Dairy Discussions
Dairy Discussions - Workshops Workshops

Dairy Discussions


Marion Center, PA

An informal opportunity to discuss issues that are important for you and your dairy operation in a round-table discussion format More
Feed Value Calculator spreadsheet Feed Value Calculator spreadsheet - Downloadable
Calculates value of forages and concentrates using Petersen's constants; based on the price of corn, soybean meal, and average quality alfalfa hay. Feed values can then be compared to market prices. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Feeding in Robotic Milking Systems
Feeding in Robotic Milking Systems - News News
A look at feeding management in Pennsylvania robot herds. More
Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs Dairy Risk-Management Education: Managing Income Over Feed Costs - Articles
To remain profitable, producers should be monitoring and making decisions based on their herd's "income over feed costs" (IOFC). More
Crop Cents Mobile App
Crop Cents Mobile App - Downloadable Downloadable

Crop Cents Mobile App

Timothy Beck, Virginia A. Ishler, Robert C. Goodling, Jr.

CropCents is a mobile app that calculates actual costs to produce home raised feeds for crop, dairy, and beef producers. More
Dairy Beef
Dairy-Beef Production - Articles Articles

Dairy-Beef Production

Lynn Kime, Jayson K. Harper, Ph.D.

Production of high-quality dairy-beef is relatively new to the beef industry and depends almost entirely on Holstein bull calves. More
Benefits of Pasture
Benefits of Pasture - Articles Articles

Benefits of Pasture

Virginia A. Ishler

There are numerous benefits to the animal and producer who incorporate pasture into the ration. There can also be some challenges that go along with grazing. More
Byproduct Feeds and Precision Feeding
Byproduct Feeds and Precision Feeding - Articles Articles
Byproduct feeds are a main staple of the diet for all animal groups on a dairy operation. The key is finding a supplier that provides a consistent product. More
Penn State Dairy Cows
Cold Weather Forces Ration Adjustments - Articles Articles
The fresh cows increase milk production by ten pounds due to diversity of energy sources and the amounts altered to complement the forage quality. More
Corn Silage Quality
Corn Silage Quality - Articles Articles

Corn Silage Quality

Virginia A. Ishler

Corn silage quality was typically considered one of the more consistent forages produced on a dairy farm. More
Corn Silage Variability
Corn Silage Variability - Articles Articles

Corn Silage Variability

Virginia A. Ishler

Working with 60 farms evaluating corn silage quality over time, there is a lot of change occurring in fiber and starch content and digestibility. More
Don't Skimp on Health Costs
Don't Skimp on Health Costs - Articles Articles

Don't Skimp on Health Costs

Virginia A. Ishler

Regardless of high or low profit margins the investment in health care for calves, heifers and cows should not waver. More
Acceptable body condition for dry cows (3.25-3.75)
Dry Cow Body Condition - Articles Articles

Dry Cow Body Condition

Virginia A. Ishler

Ideal body condition scores can not be achieved overnight. A good foundation in precision feeding and monitoring body scores are essential. More
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