Nutrition and Feed Management

Information and tools to assist in managing dairy cattle nutrition and feed management, including resources on forage, silage, pasture, and water needs. Tips on monitoring heifer growth and weaning strategies for heifers and calves.

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Figure 1. Cool-season perennials are the mainstay of pastured dairies in the Northeast. Credit: Sjoerd Duiker
No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm - Articles Articles

No-Till Annuals to Beat the Summer Slump on a Dairy Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Dave Wilson, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

This case study demonstrates how a grazing dairy farmer in southeastern Pennsylvania beats the summer slump with cool- and warm-season annuals established with no-till practices. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Sense: Milk Income and Ration Perspective for Milk Fat - Articles Articles
A balance between components and volume may be the best strategy to optimize milk income. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Dairy Sense: Preparing for Mycotoxin Problems - Articles Articles
Uncooperative weather patterns can increase the occurrence of molds and mycotoxins. Minimize their growth in storage by proper management of harvest, storage, and feed out. More
Photo credit: John Tyson
Feed Bunk Management - Articles Articles

Feed Bunk Management

John Tyson

Fine-tune feed management by making sure that every group has access to feed when they return from milking. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
The Fat in Different Dairy Products - Articles Articles
Learn about the impact milk fat has on human health and how it differs between various dairy products. More
Photo from pixabay.com. CC0
Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer - Articles Articles

Butyrate Addition in Calf Milk Replacer

Jud Heinrichs, Ali Chishti

Feeding butyrate can help jump start rumen development, especially in calves that have not started eating much grain. More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Animal Feed Safety Practices to Prevent Aflatoxin in Milk - Articles Articles

Animal Feed Safety Practices to Prevent Aflatoxin in Milk

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Animal feed production is undergoing a shift in approach to food safety, with preventive measures to address possible hazards before they occur. More
Dairy Sense: Formula to Profitability is MBA
Dairy Sense: Formula to Profitability is MBA - Articles Articles
Successful farms implement good management practices, find balance in their various enterprises, and invest in appropriate assets. More
Dairy Sense: Qualifying for the Six Pound Club
Dairy Sense: Qualifying for the Six Pound Club - Articles Articles
Increasing milk components can boost milk price even if milk volume stays the same. More
Photo credit: Coleen Jones
Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It! - Articles Articles

Rumen Development, Don’t Wean Calves Without It!

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Regardless of how much milk you are feeding calves or what age they are at weaning, if the rumen is not ready, calves are in for a rough transition. More
Photo credit: Matt Gabler
Dairy Sense: Know Your Herd’s Feed Costs? - Articles Articles
Maintaining positive cash flow on dairy farms requires good management of cropping, feeding, and financials. More
Photo credit: Dave Swartz
Dairy Sense: The Major Influencer of Cash Flow Mechanics - Articles Articles
Focus on total pounds of milk produced, not milk per cow, for positive cash flow. More
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop
Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop - Articles Articles

Penn State Dairy Cattle Nutrition Workshop

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Annual event provides continuing education for feed industry professionals. More
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management
From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management - Articles Articles

From Harvest to Feed: Understanding Silage Management

Coleen M. Jones, Virginia A. Ishler, Gregory W. Roth, Ph.D.

Feeding adequate quantities of high-quality forages is the basis of profitable milk and livestock production. More
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf
Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf - Articles Articles

Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf

Coleen M. Jones, Jud Heinrichs

Calf health, growth, and productivity rely heavily on nutrition and management practices. More
Photo credit: Mauricio Rosales
Selective Dry Cow Therapy, An Option to Consider - Articles Articles
Selective dry cow therapy can help decrease the use of antibiotics in food animals without compromising animal health. More
How Efficient Are Your Calves?
How Efficient Are Your Calves? - Articles Articles
Feeding more milk replacer to calves can increase average daily gain, but can reduce starter intake and lower nitrogen efficiency and postweaning digestion. More
Photo credit: Jill Kopfer
Economics and Effects of Accelerated Calf Growth Programs - Articles Articles
Increasing heifer growth rates, regardless of the feeding strategy, improves the odds of earlier age at calving, which can dramatically lower heifer costs. More
Figure 1. Conversion of glucose to acetate. Source: "Digestion: The Fermentative Processes"
Ionophores: A Technology to Improve Cattle Efficiency - Articles Articles
This article explains how the use of ionophores--antibiotics that shift ruminal fermentation patterns--can improve cattle production efficiency. More
Photo credit: Ginger Fenton
FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected? - Articles Articles

FSMA and VFD: How Is My Dairy Farm Affected?

Ginger D Fenton, PhD, Robert J. Van Saun, DVM, MS, PhD

Enacted to further improve the safety of our food supply, these laws will impact most farms. More
Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive - Articles

Feed Me the Scoop on Veterinary Feed Directive

Capri Stiles-Mikesell, Greg Strait

Description of in-feed medications and how they fit into the new Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) rules taking effect January 1, 2017. More
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres
Conduite des Genisses Laiteres - Articles Articles

Conduite des Genisses Laiteres

Jud Heinrichs, Bruno Martin

L’amélioration du troupeau laitier est possible lorsque les vaches de réforme sont remplacées par des génisses de deux ans bien alimentées, saines, génétiquement supérieures et bien conduites. More
Conventional Feed Schedule Component
Conventional Feed Schedule Component - Articles Articles

Conventional Feed Schedule Component

Virginia A. Ishler, Dan Ludwig

Feed management plan in a tie-stall dairy facility More
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