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Posts between the oat and annual strip create a fence between strips that are grazed and strips with grain crops. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm - Articles Articles

Integrating Grazing in No-Till Systems on a Grain Farm

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

The adoption of no-tillage systems in Pennsylvania creates opportunities to graze after harvest. This case study examines the integration of grazing and no-tillage on a grain farm. More
Figure 1: Well-managed perennial pasture can be a highly sustainable form of land use. Photo by Sjoerd Duiker
Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season - Articles Articles

Plant Diversity to Extend the Grazing Season

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

This case study shows how a farmer in northwestern Pennsylvania is using annuals and perennials to expand his grazing season while managing for reduced inputs and improved soil health through integration of grazing and no-tillage. More
Grazing Corn Stalks with Beef Cattle
Grazing Corn Stalks with Beef Cattle - Articles Articles

Grazing Corn Stalks with Beef Cattle

Tiago Brandao Freitas, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., Tara L. Felix

Feeding stored feeds in winter months is a major cost of beef cow-calf and backgrounding operations. Extending the grazing season by grazing corn crop residue may be an economically viable option for beef producers in Pennsylvania. More
Poison hemlock in the spring time along a fencerow. Image from Ohio State University.
Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock - Articles Articles

Livestock Producers Should Recognize and Manage Poison Hemlock

Dwight Lingenfelter, William S. Curran, Ph.D.

“This is the time of year when you start to notice poison hemlock. Best management practices should take place before it flowers, produces more seed, and continues to spread”. More
Grazing Residue Height Matters
Grazing Residue Height Matters - Articles Articles

Grazing Residue Height Matters

Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D.

It is important to remember to keep an eye on residue heights to eliminate over-grazing and the problems that occur as a result. More
Benefits of Hiring a Nutritionist
Benefits of Hiring a Nutritionist - Articles Articles
Hiring a nutritionist could have major benefits for your farm and your livestock. More
Do Your Cows Match Your Resources?
Do Your Cows Match Your Resources? - Articles Articles

Do Your Cows Match Your Resources?

Benjamin Williamson

What is the right size for a cow? That depends on your resources, your environment, the market that you sell to and your goals. More
Fall Means Time to Wean for Most Pennsylvania Beef Producers
Fall Means Time to Wean for Most Pennsylvania Beef Producers - Articles Articles
Choose the weaning protocol that best matches your management style and facilities. This choice can make a big difference in the stress levels of your cows, your calves and you. More
Hand-held instruments are used to document conditions and performance of environment in animal facilities [source: E. Fabian]
Evaluating Air Quality in Livestock Housing Environments - Articles Articles
This publication focuses on important aspects of evaluating and troubleshooting farm animal housing environment and ventilation system performance. More
Have a Horse or Steer in Your Backyard? You Need a Manure Management Plan
Have a Horse or Steer in Your Backyard? You Need a Manure Management Plan - Articles Articles
Recently revised Pennsylvania environmental regulations require all animal operations, large and small, to have either a Manure Management Plan or a Nutrient Management Plan. More
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing
Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing - Articles Articles

Resources for Ventilation of Livestock Housing

Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D.

Information on Ventilation systems available at Penn State More
Overgrazing pastures compromises pasture production and exposes the soil to erosion
Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures - Articles Articles

Avoid Overgrazing Your Pastures

Justin Brackenrich, Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

The summer is upon us and cool season grasses are slowing down their growth. This is the time to pay attention so you don’t overgraze those pastures. More
Multiflora rose bush. Photo credit: Penn State Extension
Multiflora Rose Problems in Pastures? Control it Now! - Articles Articles
It is the right time to be scouting and managing multiflora rose in your pasture. More
Hairy vetch, rye, annual ryegrass, and clover cover crop being grazed. Photo Credit: Sjoerd Duiker, Penn State University
Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops - Articles Articles

Grazing Crop Residues and Cover Crops

Sjoerd Willem Duiker, Ph.D., CCA

Grazing has been largely excluded from our croplands but is receiving new interest as an additional profit center for farmers as well as a way to improve soil. More
Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide
Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide - Articles Articles

Use Personal Gas Monitors to Avoid Exposure to Toxic Hydrogen Sulfide

Dan Hofstetter, Eileen E. Fabian (Wheeler), Ph.D., Michael Pate, Ph.D.

Gas monitoring is always recommended when working around toxic gases such as hydrogen sulfide. Fortunately, affordable portable personal gas monitors are available for on-farm use. More
Cattle being finished on grass, photo by Dr. Jessica Williamson, Penn State Extension
Grass-fed Beef Production - Articles Articles

Grass-fed Beef Production

Tara L. Felix, Jessica A. Williamson, Ph.D., David Hartman

This article will clarify some of the production methods used to raise grass-fed beef. More
Manure Fertilizer, Photo Credit: Nicole Santangelo, PSU
Is Your Farm Ready for Inspection? - Articles Articles
By the end of 2018, 1 in 5 Pennsylvania farms within the Chesapeake Bay watershed will have been visited by the Chesapeake Bay Agricultural Inspections Program. More
Implants used in cattle increase feed efficiency. (Photo Credit: PA Beef Producers Working Group)
2017 Calf-fed Holstein Demonstration Results - Articles Articles
This report summarizes the calf-fed holstein demonstration comparing growth performance and economic data of implanted and non-implanted cattle by the PA Beef producers working group in 2017. More
Grass Tetany Can Be a Killer
Grass Tetany Can Be a Killer - Articles Articles
Early spring when the grass is growing is a dangerous time in pastures because of the hidden danger of grass tetany. More
Use of Beta-Agonists in Cattle Feed
Use of Beta-Agonists in Cattle Feed - Articles Articles
A recent furor in the beef industry over the use of the product Zilmax© in feedlot rations has again raised questions about the use of feed additives in general. More
4-H Livestock Biosecurity Tips Fact Sheet
4-H Livestock Biosecurity Tips Fact Sheet - Articles Articles
Biosecurity benchmarks to help keep you and your animals safe. More
Navigating Pathways to Success: The 2016 National Beef Quality Audit
Navigating Pathways to Success: The 2016 National Beef Quality Audit - Articles Articles
Data from the 2016 audit add tremendously to the core knowledge on guideposts and measurements to help determine quality conformance of the U.S. beef supply. More
Choosing A Nutrient Management Planner Choosing A Nutrient Management Planner - Articles
Pennsylvania agricultural operations that are designated Concentrated Animal Operations or Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations are required to implement an approved nutrient management plan. More
Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act (Act 38): Who Is Affected?
Pennsylvania's Nutrient Management Act (Act 38): Who Is Affected? - Articles Articles
Learn how to calculate the animal density of an agricultural operation to determine if it is a Concentrated Animal Operation (CAO) and thereby required to implement an Act 38 nutrient management plan. More
Biosecurity Overview
Biosecurity Overview - Articles Articles

Biosecurity Overview

Ernest Hovingh, DVM, PhD

Farm Biosecurity: Management practices to minimize or prevent the transmission of disease within and between herds and flocks. More
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