Forest Resources

This article gives an overview of the scope and issues involved when considering whether managing a forest for energy production is a good option.

This article discusses some of the issues of using woody biomass as an energy source with respect to those in the forestry business such as timber harvesters and forest managers.

This publication details the cultivation, collection, and laws regarding American ginseng.

This article explains the essentials of budgeting for the costs of a community tree program each year. It includes a community tree budget worksheet.

This article explains how an annual work plan for a municipal tree commission can ensure that public trees receive the regular care they need to remain attractive, healthy, and safe. It includes a sample annual work schedule.

This article covers calibrating a backpack sprayer to determine how much herbicide to add for band applications and spot treatments.

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This publication is a nontechnical guide to forest resource management intended for use by natural resource professionals and lay persons alike. The first two sections of the book provide a brief overview of Pennsylvania forests. The third section provides guidelines for various components of forest resource management, including planning, tending, and protecting nontimber resources. Relevant laws and regulations are referenced throughout the text and are detailed in the fourth section of the guide.

Infected boxwood branch shows typical leaf spots and lesions

This fact sheet provides information about boxwood blight, including symptoms, management, and what to do if you suspect boxwood blight infection on your trees.

Christmas tree production is an enterprise that many small or part-time farmers often consider as an option for their unused, open land. To avoid costly mistakes, however, it is important to carefully plan for the establishment and marketing of your potential Christmas tree crop.

Community forests enhace neighborhoods, like the tree-lined street these girls ride their bikes down.

Community forests are made up of the trees, plants, wildlife, and water found in communities (places where people live, work, and play together). Community forests are a part of our lives, and people play an important part in their care. This full-color publication is part of the "From the Woods" series for youths and explains what community forests are, their benefits, and the importance of keeping them beautiful.

Community trees improve cities and towns, as seen in Philadelphia.

This article explains planning hierarchies, putting planning into practice, developing the plan, and implementing the plan. Also provided are sample strategies for effective administration; analysis and removal of hazardous trees; proper site analysis and preparation; proper tree selection, purchase, and planting; maintenance; quality design; funding; and public participation and education.

Fern-dominated forest understories interfere with forest regeneration and provide poor habitat for wildlife. Photo Credit: David Jackson

Dense understories of hay-scented, New York, and bracken fern provide picturesque beauty to our forests. However, dense fern understories lack plant diversity and provide little wildlife food and cover. Fern understories also interfere with the regeneration of hardwood forests, threatening their sustainability. This publication describes these three species of fern in detail and outlines the reasons why we have so much fern present in our forest understories today. The fact sheet also provides research based information on the impacts of fern as well as how to successfully control it. Whether your goal is to increase plant and wildlife diversity or regeneration success it’s important to consult with a professional forester who can help you recognize and treat fern problems.

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Timber harvesting is regulated by only a small fraction of Pennsylvania's local governments, but as residential development increases, more municipalities may begin to regulate timber harvesting in order to maintain Pennsylvania's woods for future generations. This publication discusses the Pennsylvania Municipalities Planning Code and recent forestry amendments; local government structure; zoning ordinances; types of land uses; applying for a permit; appealing the denial of a permit; developing a timber harvesting ordinance; unreasonable timber harvesting provisions; and how to work with local governments. A model timber harvesting ordinance is also provided.

Topping trees results in large areas of decay and fast-growing, weak, and unattractive watersprouts.

This fact sheet explains the dangers of tree topping and what measures should be taken to prevent them.

This full-color publication is part of an educational series for third and fourth graders and discusses ecosystems and their interactions.

Large trees in forest

This publication defines biodiversity (genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity), provides strategies for conserving forest biodiversity, explains the role of private forests, provides a brief overview of species of concern in Pennsylvania, and gives ways you can conserve biodiversity in your forest.

This publication, the first in a series about issues related to forest economics, compares two commonly used timber harvesting techniques—diameter-limit cutting and crown thinning—from the perspective of long-term economic sustainability. It includes typical financial returns over the life of a sample northern hardwood stand.

This publication explores the problem of deer browsing, explains how it affects forest regeneration, and compares several varieties of fencing commonly used by forest owners.

This article explains the importance of keeping accurate, complete, and well-organized records about forest management activities and expenses, particularly as they relate to income taxes. You will be introduced to record keeping, explore what should be recorded, and are offerd examples of simple recording systems.

Property taxes are usually based on the property's fair market value, but many forest and farm landowners in Pennsylvania can enroll in a tax program known as Clean and Green. This program provides tax relief to eligible owners to encourage them to keep their land operating as forests and farms, preserving open space. This article explains how taxes on forest property are asses in Pennsylvania, and the various options available to landowners interested in programs such as Clean and Green.