Farm and Food Business
AgMap is Pennsylvania's agricultural network that helps consumers, farmers, and businesses find local producers and suppliers of unlimited agricultural commodities and services.
Whether you are currently in business or deciding to start an agricultural business, insurance should be part of your risk management strategy. Risk management can take many forms, including insurance, production diversification, and business structure. Insurance shifts some of the risk from the business to the insurance carrier.
Many small-scale and part-time farms may increase income by offering agritainment opportunities.
Budgets are an invaluable tool for farm managers. Agricultural businesses and potential businesses should use budgets to project how profitable an enterprise may be or to analyze existing enterprises. The various types of budgets are used for different purposes and this publication provides information covering the most commonly used budgets in agriculture.
Community-supported agriculture (CSA) is a concept designed to encourage relationships between consumers and growers and for consumers to become more knowledgeable about the way their food is grown.
Cooperatives (often referred to as “coops”) are an ancient concept where a group works together to meet common needs. This informal arrangement evolved over time into a formal business organization. Cooperatives have special status under tax laws in the United States and most other countries.
An important task in starting a new venture is to develop a business plan, which is a "road map" to guide the future of a business or venture. A business plan should influence daily decision-making and provide direction for the expansion, diversification, and evaluation of the business.
Many agricultural products can be sold directly to the public through a roadside market. Retailing directly to consumers can be a viable alternative marketing strategy and means of increasing profits for many small-scale agricultural ventures.
This unique slide-type piece allows you to make an "apples-to-apples" comparison of various heating fuels on the basis of cost per BTU. Values provided include #2 fuel oil, propane, natural gas, electricity, coal, corn, wood pellets, and firewood. Note: This piece is only available in hard copy due to its two-part design consisting of a sleeve and an insert.
Tens of thousands of households throughout Pennsylvania cherish the unique lifestyle of small-scale farming. With newcomers to farming in mind, this publication explores the available options for planning and financing a small-scale or part-time enterprise.
Marketing is important to all farm enterprises, regardless of size. It is strongly recommend that you identify and research your market before you become a fruit and vegetable grower.
For several years, the Northeast Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (NE-SARE) program from the U.S. Department of Agriculture has provided modest funding to farmers who would like to initiate their own on-farm research on topics related to sustainable agriculture.
Most small-scale and part-time farms will require some equipment to complete the necessary tasks of producing crop(s) or raising animals. For those just beginning, many tasks may be completed using custom operators, working with neighbors, or renting. However, you may still need to purchase a few items to complete tasks in a timely manner. Matching the equipment to your operation can be difficult on a limited start-up budget. Efficient machinery management means having the right size and type of equipment available to do the job at the right time for the least cost.
Land is the basic resource that distinguishes agriculture from most other types of businesses because it is required for the production of crops and livestock. Land is the most valuable asset on the balance sheet of most farmers.
This publication provides a listing of the dairy foods permit holders in Pennsylvania, including dairies holding PDA grade A, non-grade A, manufacturing, aged cheese, and raw milk permits.
Managing the land application of animal waste to protect water quality depends on applying rates based on crop requirements and soil conditions, knowing the composition of the animal waste, avoiding runoff from recent applications, and protecting the application areas from runoff and soil erosion.
Receipts and expenses in an 8.5-by-11-inch format. Commercial agriculture is a large, complicated business. An adequate and permanent record is a necessary tool for efficient business management and tax reporting. The Pennsylvania Farm Account Books have been designed for recording data needed to analyze and manage a farm business and to file income, social security, and self-employment tax returns.
Receipts and expenses in an 11-by-17-inch format. Commercial agriculture is a large, complicated business. An adequate and permanent record is a necessary tool for efficient business management and tax reporting. The Pennsylvania Farm Account Books have been designed for recording data needed to analyze and manage a farm business and to file income, social security, and self-employment tax returns.
This survey gives participants in the Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst farm evaluation system a chance to give feedback about the program and its materials.
The Pennsylvania Farm Evaluation Program (Pennsylvania Farm-A-Syst) is a voluntary farm evaluation that can be used to confirm that a farm is being managed in an environmentally sensitive way.