This guide provides information based on multistage research results and extension programs as well as the knowledge and experience of growers, county extension educators, and industry personnel. It is intended to help commercial vegetable growers make informed managerial decisions.
Apples may be grown in many parts of the country and lend themselves well to part-time farming operations. Depending on the chosen production method, land preparation, and trees, initial investments may be considerable. However, this investment will be spread over a longer period of time than many crops, given an orchard lifetime of about 20 years.
Grapes are one of the most ancient crops known to humans.They can be eaten fresh as table grapes or enjoyed in a variety of products such as juice, jelly, raisins, and the ultimate processed grape product, wine. This publication provides information on selecting cultivars, purchasing and planting grapes, nutritional requirements, pruning, training/trellis systems, and pests.
In spite of some articles that say mushrooms can be grown in any dark hole or building, successful commercial mushroom growing requires special houses equipped with ventilation systems. This publication provides a review of mushroom growing and information on making a composted substrate, aerated Phase I composting, growing systems, finishing the compost, spawn maintenance, spawn production, spawning, substrate supplementation, casing, irrigation, pinning, harvesting, and post-crop pasteurization.
Paul Wuest, professor of plant pathology, explains the steps in mushroom compost production and the importance of temperature monitoring. This video shows the actual building of a mushroom compost pile. (VHS-21:00) To order this video, call 1-800-770-2111; do not contact the Publications Distribution Center.
Oyster mushroom production is on the increase in the United States. This publication details the cultivation of oyster mushrooms from spawn to postharvest handling and marketing, including sections on culture maintenance, production in bags and bottles, production conditions, common problems faced by oyster mushroom growers, and an outlook for the future of oyster mushroom production.
Shiitake mushrooms are a darker and stronger-flavored cousin to the common button mushroom. This publication covers recent trends in the mushroom industry and explains how shiitake mushrooms are cultivated on both natural and synthetic logs. It also includes information about marketing shiitakes and future prospects for shiitake production and sales.
"Fruit Production for the Home Gardener" has been developed as a resource for people who wish to produce fruit on a small scale (one acre or less) and who are not legally licensed to use pesticides.
This publication provides information on a few successful propagation methods that can be used on fruit trees. Wrapping and waxing, collecting scion wood, types of grafting or budding--bench grafting, cleft graft, bark and inlay grafts, budding, shield or T-budding, and chip budding--are discussed. Also included are photographs and a list of grafting supply resources.
This fact sheet lists production guides, general and specialty reference books, trade journals, newsletters, grower organizations, wine-related information, and other resources than can help grape growers in Pennsylvania.
Spanish version of vegetable Planting and Transplanting guide.
This 63-page publication contains useful information on growing and harvesting herbs and their use in cooking and decorating. It includes a directory of 33 commonly used herbs and their requirements, which could be useful for small-scale and commercial producers.
This 61-page guide describes major vegetable diseases that have distinctive symptoms. Thirty-seven plant pathologists from educational institutions in the United States and Canada contributed to this volume, which has 300 color photographs.
This guide helps identify common diseases and physiological disorders affecting potatoes. It has 65 color photographs and is intended for potato growers, extension workers, and others interested in producing maximum yields of high-quality potatoes in Pennsylvania.
Paul Wuest, professor of plant pathology, and Harry Muthersbaugh, Mushroom Research Center manager, explain how to take moisture checks and nitrogen analysis of compost. (VHS-35:00) To order this video, call 1-800-770-2111; do not contact the Publications Distribution Center.
This publication explains the process of preparing a mushroom substrate and developing an odor management plan for the implementation of a substrate into the mushroom growing process.
Peaches may be grown in many temperate areas of the United States. The startup costs for peaches can be high depending on the production method chosen, land preparation, and initial investment in the trees. However, the life of the orchard is expected to be at least 20 years, so this investment may be spread over a longer period of time than many crops.
This 176-page compendium provides technical information on mushroom diseases, molds, abnormalities, insect pests and pest management, composting, spawning, casing, pasteurization, watering, and controlling carbon dioxide. Illustrations include 45 black-and-white photographs; 15 detailed drawings of microscopic spore structures; 52 color photographs of mushroom diseases, molds, and abnormalities; 24 tables; and 265 graphs, charts, and diagrams.