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Mushroom farming consists of six steps, and although the divisions are somewhat arbitrary, these steps identify what is needed to form a production system. The six steps are Phase I composting, Phase II composting, spawning, casing, pinning, and cropping.

The information supplied in this article is an updated revision from a chapter originally published in the Penn State Handbook for Commercial Mushroom Growers (Wuest & Bengston 1982). It is intended as a review and resource for potential and commercial mushroom producers interested in the cultivation of Agaricus bisporus.

UL210 - In spite of some articles that say mushrooms can be grown in any dark hole or building, successful commercial mushroom growing requires special houses equipped with ventilation systems. This sixteen-page publication provides a review of mushroom growing and information on making a composted substrate, aerated Phase I composting, growing systems, finishing the compost, spawn maintenance, spawn production, spawning, substrate supplementation, casing, irrigation, pinning, harvesting, and post-crop pasteurization.

Oyster mushroom production is on the increase in the United States. This article details the cultivation of oyster mushrooms from spawn to postharvest handling and marketing, including sections on culture maintenance, production in bags and bottles, production conditions, common problems faced by oyster mushroom growers, and an outlook for the future of oyster mushroom production.

XL0083 - Shiitake mushrooms are a darker and stronger-flavored cousin to the common button mushroom. This 12-page publication covers recent trends in the mushroom industry and explains how shiitake mushrooms are cultivated on both natural and synthetic logs. It also includes information about marketing shiitakes and future prospects for shiitake production and sales. Note: This publication is available in PDF only.

$15.00 This 92-page, full-color handbook addresses the most important pest organisms with the potential to reduce mushroom yield and quality. The handbook is intended for growers, as well as researchers, as both an educational tool and a reference manual. The handbook is divided into two parts, covering the theory of IPM and the practical aspects of IPM in mushroom growing. The section on IPM in mushroom growing describes how unique features of mushroom crops can be used effectively in IPM, and how the theory of IPM can be applied effectively.

PDF, 3.6 MB

Spanish version: Mushroom IPM Handbook

(1991) Code: AGRS-27; Cost: $65

Disinfectants and Sanitizers

This publication explains the process of preparing a mushroom substrate and developing an odor management plan for the implementation of a substrate into the mushroom growing process.

PDF, 30.9 kB

Pesticides for Agaricus Production - Spanish version (2010)