To reduce apple scab risk for next season, growers are encouraged to spray a fall application of urea as close to leaf drop as possible. Prune out fire blight strikes now while they are still visible on the tree to prevent cankers from overwintering. For those battling bacterial canker, copper applications are recommended since autumn is an optimal time for high bacterial populations. Additional disease management strategies are also discussed.
The key to preventing seeds from rubbing off strawberries is to control powdery mildew before plants become heavily infected.
New apple cultivars are continually being introduced, with some being branded and some restricted. Resistance to apple scab has been a long term goal of some breeding programs. The four cultivars mentioned here all have resistance to apple scab from the Vf gene.
Pennsylvania apple and peach growers have until November 20, 2014 to apply for crop insurance on next year’s crop. Current policyholders who wish to make changes to their existing policies also have until November 20 to do so.
The Penn State Extension Tree Fruit Production website now includes a link for interactive budgets that may be used to calculate pro-forma or year-end actual budgets for many orchard enterprises.
Local soils and climatic conditions favor the production of apples with the highest fruit quality, which has been a competitive advantage for the Mid-Atlantic fruit industry over the years. There is a growing interest among consumers for hard cider, and during a January 13th workshop, producers exploring alternative markets for apples will learn how to establish a hard cider orchard and also important considerations for cider production. Register early as space is limited!
Everything we have previously learned about economics and business management must be applied on our farms. From conversations with farmers we believe this is the challenge for today’s farm managers and leaders. The difference in profitability of the top 20% and the bottom 20% of commercial farms continues to grow every year. Even the best and most successful farm businesses have issues. “
The changing of the color of the leaves and the advent of falling temperatures at night along with pumpkin, broccoli, potato and apple harvest signals to me that cooler weather is just around the corner. Having worked many years with irrigation systems and drip irrigation systems in particular, I thought that this would be an appropriate time to share with you some tips on winterizing irrigation systems so that your system will be ready for next spring.
Penn State Extension of Lehigh County is pleased to announce a workshop devoted to helping farmers assess and choose marketing methods. Those interested in direct-to-consumer sales will learn with experts from Pennsylvania and New York.
Penn State Extension and the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) are hosting a series of Mock Farm Food Safety Audits and Food Safety Trainings in October, November, and December on farms in Adams, Allegheny, Wyoming, Lehigh, Berks, Northampton, and Montgomery counties. These events, held on working farms, are designed to help small-scale produce farmers gain a better understanding of what to expect from a third party Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) audit. For more information, please contact: Hannah Grose (717) 334-6271 Ext 320, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Farmers - is your farm energy efficient? Would you like to find out how your operation compares? Penn State Extension is providing a free energy review for farms in the Keystone State. Sign up now to learn valuable information about your energy use.
The hot humid weather in early September pushed many cultivars to harvest, but since then the cool weather has slowed maturity. This weekend's warm weather may restart the push to maturity.
As we get into apple harvest in earnest, fruit growers are starting to find out whether or not they have much injury from brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB). Although injury from this pest for the early varieties was less than in the past, many growers are probably wondering whether to put that last spray or two on later varieties as insurance against late season injury.
Join Penn State Extension for this ten week program which will provide a foundation on which to build a commercial tree fruit business. The course material will start with orchard site selection and cover all aspects of growing tree fruit. We will conclude with marketing and a financial analysis. It is designed to meet the educational needs of new growers, starting with the basics and moving into the latest practices. The first session is in October.
The Northeastern IPM Center is publishing a growing collection of information about pests in both English and Spanish. Recent additions to the collection are a page dedicated to brown marmorated stink bug and a database of IPM resources.
The captures of tufted apple budmoth, obliquebanded leafroller and codling moth appear to be on the decline, but the fourth generation of Oriental fruit moth is likely to still be present in orchards during September and into October. Brown marmorated stink bug monitoring traps placed on trees located on the border of woods as well as traps placed in the first row of orchards, which sparsely collected any stink bugs for most of the current season, now are collecting many nymphs and adults.
As most of us know, our IPM systems were turned upside down after the introduction of BMSB around 2010. For the majority of apple growers that had to give up on their IPM programs to use harsh pesticides to control BMSB, this article contains some guidelines and control strategies for minimizing the impacts on mites for the next season.
The fungi causing fruit rots can be quite stealth since spores will land on the fruit and cause symptoms after the fruit have been in storage. We have had excellent conditions for fruit rots this month with frequent rain and stretches of warm weather.
Traps placed on trees located on the border of woods as well as traps placed in the first row of orchards, which rarely collected any stink bugs for most of this season, now are collecting many brown marmorated stink bug nymphs and adults. Since not every orchard will experience the same pressure from BMSB, cautious scouting and monitoring of the vegetation surrounding an orchard should be very helpful in deciding if any special stink bug control treatment is necessary.
Are you interested in food safety certification for your farming operation? Penn State Cooperative Extension and Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture are partnering to provide mock audit workshops throughout our state. Mock Audits are a great introduction to food safety, and are also useful to those well acquainted with Good Agricultural Practices as well as other Food Safety Standards and who are looking forward to the next step.