The changing of the color of the leaves and the advent of falling temperatures at night along with pumpkin, broccoli, potato and apple harvest signals to me that cooler weather is just around the corner. Having worked many years with irrigation systems and drip irrigation systems in particular, I thought that this would be an appropriate time to share with you some tips on winterizing irrigation systems so that your system will be ready for next spring.
Penn State Extension of Lehigh County is pleased to announce a workshop devoted to helping farmers assess and choose marketing methods. Those interested in direct-to-consumer sales will learn with experts from Pennsylvania and New York.
Penn State Extension and the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) are hosting a series of Mock Farm Food Safety Audits and Food Safety Trainings in October, November, and December on farms in Adams, Allegheny, Wyoming, Lehigh, Berks, Northampton, and Montgomery counties. These events, held on working farms, are designed to help small-scale produce farmers gain a better understanding of what to expect from a third party Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) audit. For more information, please contact: Hannah Grose (717) 334-6271 Ext 320, email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Farmers - is your farm energy efficient? Would you like to find out how your operation compares? Penn State Extension is providing a free energy review for farms in the Keystone State. Sign up now to learn valuable information about your energy use.
The hot humid weather in early September pushed many cultivars to harvest, but since then the cool weather has slowed maturity. This weekend's warm weather may restart the push to maturity.
As we get into apple harvest in earnest, fruit growers are starting to find out whether or not they have much injury from brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB). Although injury from this pest for the early varieties was less than in the past, many growers are probably wondering whether to put that last spray or two on later varieties as insurance against late season injury.
Join Penn State Extension for this ten week program which will provide a foundation on which to build a commercial tree fruit business. The course material will start with orchard site selection and cover all aspects of growing tree fruit. We will conclude with marketing and a financial analysis. It is designed to meet the educational needs of new growers, starting with the basics and moving into the latest practices. The first session is in October.
The Northeastern IPM Center is publishing a growing collection of information about pests in both English and Spanish. Recent additions to the collection are a page dedicated to brown marmorated stink bug and a database of IPM resources.
The captures of tufted apple budmoth, obliquebanded leafroller and codling moth appear to be on the decline, but the fourth generation of Oriental fruit moth is likely to still be present in orchards during September and into October. Brown marmorated stink bug monitoring traps placed on trees located on the border of woods as well as traps placed in the first row of orchards, which sparsely collected any stink bugs for most of the current season, now are collecting many nymphs and adults.
As most of us know, our IPM systems were turned upside down after the introduction of BMSB around 2010. For the majority of apple growers that had to give up on their IPM programs to use harsh pesticides to control BMSB, this article contains some guidelines and control strategies for minimizing the impacts on mites for the next season.
The fungi causing fruit rots can be quite stealth since spores will land on the fruit and cause symptoms after the fruit have been in storage. We have had excellent conditions for fruit rots this month with frequent rain and stretches of warm weather.
Traps placed on trees located on the border of woods as well as traps placed in the first row of orchards, which rarely collected any stink bugs for most of this season, now are collecting many brown marmorated stink bug nymphs and adults. Since not every orchard will experience the same pressure from BMSB, cautious scouting and monitoring of the vegetation surrounding an orchard should be very helpful in deciding if any special stink bug control treatment is necessary.
Are you interested in food safety certification for your farming operation? Penn State Cooperative Extension and Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture are partnering to provide mock audit workshops throughout our state. Mock Audits are a great introduction to food safety, and are also useful to those well acquainted with Good Agricultural Practices as well as other Food Safety Standards and who are looking forward to the next step.
Moderate temperatures observed so far this month extended the flights of the second generation of tufted apple bud moth and obliquebanded leafroller. Colder than usual weather also stretched the traditional periods when the control of these two pests may be needed.
Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) that are in the remaining blackberries and blueberries being harvested could build up and move into adjacent late season raspberries. If your trap catches are high and you have had some problems with infested fruit, consider a post-harvest spray to reduce populations that are feeding on the last unpicked berries and dropped fruit.
Join Penn State Extension for this ten week program which will provide a foundation on which to build a commercial tree fruit business. The course material will start with orchard site selection and cover all aspects of growing tree fruit. We will conclude with marketing and a financial analysis. It is designed to meet the educational needs of new growers, starting with the basics and moving into the latest practices.
Some of the commonly used developmental models seem to be overestimating the pace of development for codling moth and Oriental fruit moth populations in some orchards. Please use on-site monitoring as the main indicator in deciding if and when a pesticide application is necessary. All stages of brown marmorated stink bug are being observed in and outside of orchards with some locations already reporting injured fruit.
Spotted wing drosophila can attack ripening fruit, but like all other fruit flies, breed in decaying fruit. Trap catches are increasing in blackberry and late season raspberries and sprays should be maintained in blackberries until harvest is complete. Sprays on late season raspberries should start now if there is any color showing on the berries.
More than half the flies caught in traps this week were spotted wing drosophila rather than the usual 5% or less. As blueberry harvest finishes in the region, blackberry and grape remain the main crops currently at risk and should be kept covered with short pre-harvest interval insecticides.
Some of the commonly used developmental models seem to be overestimating the pace of development for codling moth and Oriental fruit moth populations in some orchards. Therefore, such models are not very reliable indicators of the actual pest situation. Please use on-site monitoring as the main indicator in deciding if and when pesticide application is necessary.