Description and life cycle
Adults are similar to the spotted tentiform leafminer, but larvae make a winding linear mine that widens into a blotch mine on the upper surface of the leaf.
Frass ejected from the mine through holes chewed in the lower epidermis is commonly seen hanging from the mine in threads. Portions of the leaf beyond the mine frequently become chlorotic. Pupation occurs outside the mine, often on another leaf, where the pupa is suspended beneath in a silken “hammock.” Most infestation is in leaves on succulent shoots and sprouts.
Monitoring and management
This leafminer does not appear to be economically damaging.