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Apple Leafminer

Apple leafminer, Lyonetia prunifoliella, has become fairly common in young, nonbearing trees since in the 1980s, but has not resulted in economic injury.
Most infestation is in leaves on succulent shoots and sprouts. Photo by G. Krawczyk.

Most infestation is in leaves on succulent shoots and sprouts. Photo by G. Krawczyk.

Description and life cycle

Adults are similar to the spotted tentiform leafminer, but larvae make a winding linear mine that widens into a blotch mine on the upper surface of the leaf.

Frass ejected from the mine through holes chewed in the lower epidermis is commonly seen hanging from the mine in threads. Portions of the leaf beyond the mine frequently become chlorotic. Pupation occurs outside the mine, often on another leaf, where the pupa is suspended beneath in a silken “hammock.” Most infestation is in leaves on succulent shoots and sprouts.

Monitoring and management

This leafminer does not appear to be economically damaging.

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Article Details

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Apple Leafminer

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Contact Information

Grzegorz (Greg) Krawczyk
  • Extension Tree Fruit Entomologist
Email:
Phone: 717-677-6116