More than 100 different shrubs are listed in this guide. This publication is broken down into the following ares: what to consider when selecting shrubs, aesthetic qualities of shrubs, and shrubs for specific conditions.
Trees and green space provide benefits and add value to developments. Lots where trees are preserved can be sold more quickly and at higher prices--research has shown that mature trees increase the worth of a property up to 12 percent. This publication explains tree health and environmental considerations and details how preconstruction activities, tree inventories, repairing tree injury, and post-construction activities can help preserve trees in development projects.
This fact sheet provides information about boxwood blight, including symptoms, management, and what to do if you suspect boxwood blight infection on your trees.
In the nursery and landscape trade today, numerous boxwood varieties and hybrids are available. Each offers unique characteristics, including round, dwarf, and columnar forms, winter hardiness, and variegated foliage. This article lists the boxwoods currently on the market, and discusses various forms and characteristics that may be useful in many different environments and landscapes of Pennsylvania.
Bees and other pollinators are in trouble. This one-page piece gives gardeners tips on making their yards safe homes for pollinators.
Bees and other pollinators are in trouble. This two-page piece gives gardeners tips on making their yards safe homes for pollinators.
To create and maintain a healthy landscape, choose plants that are suited to the conditions in your yard. Plants placed in a location that meets their requirements usually thrive without requiring a lot of attention. Plants in a location that does not suit them will be stressed, vulnerable to attack from pests and diseases, and may require more care.
Summer annual grasses continue to be pervasive weed problems in many turfgrass areas throughout Pennsylvania. The most common summer annual grasses in turf include crabgrasses (Digitaria spp.), goosegrass (Eleusine indica), foxtails (Setaria spp.), and barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crusgalli). Satisfactory control of these weeds can be obtained by cultural and chemical methods, provided the life cycle of the plant is understood.
Weed control is the leading cultural problem facing growers of nursery and landscape plantings. This guide explains how people who grow and maintain landscape and nursery plantings can develop effective weed control programs. It covers weed control methods, herbicides, controlling plant damage, surfactants, fumigants, equipment calibration, and more.
This article outlines steps that can help homeowners take better care of landscape plants and evaluate the services of professional landscape maintenance companies. It provides an overview of the Creating Healthy Landscapes fact sheet series and an introduction to basic integrated pest management (IPM) concepts.
The specialty cut-flower business may fit well into a small-scale and part-time farming operation. New growers can control startup costs by entering the business slowly through increasing investment and production as their businesses and markets grow.
This publication explains hardiness and site requirements, landscape use, and characteristics of selected evergreen plants.
"Fruit Production for the Home Gardener" has been developed as a resource for people who wish to produce fruit on a small scale (one acre or less) and who are not legally licensed to use pesticides.
This full-color publication is designed to help greenhouse growers, crop consultants, and IPM scouts develop biological control (biocontrol) and integrated pest management (IPM) systems that will maximize yields while reducing pesticide usage in greenhouses. It begins with an introduction to IPM and its principles, information on starting an IPM/biocontrol program and using compatible pesticides, and then addresses many of the most common greenhouse pests and their biocontrols. This comprehensive guide also includes a glossary, resource list, appendixes, and more than 90 full-color photographs.
This 63-page publication contains useful information on growing and harvesting herbs and their use in cooking and decorating. It includes a directory of 33 commonly used herbs and their requirements, which could be useful for small-scale and commercial producers.
When a plant looks unhealthy or has been injured by an insect or a mite, often our first impulse is to apply a pesticide. But that solution might be a waste of time and money. Applying the wrong pesticide could destroy the pest’s natural enemies, which sometimes take care of the problem without any intervention.
Debris that builds up in the landscape can harbor pests and plant diseases.
This guide considers the principles and philosophy of residential landscaping in public, service, and private areas; use of shrubs, trees, and groundcovers; and fencing.
To maintain an attractive home lawn, you must do more than just mow and water. You need to select the proper turfgrass species and use the appropriate management practices at the correct times of year. This publication serves as a calendar guide for turf man-agement practices. It also suggests when to look for pests that can damage turf.
Liming is the practice of applying an agent to reduce soil acidity (raise pH) and make soils more favorable for turfgrass growth. Raising soil pH requires a quantity of liming material that is determined by the degree of soil acidity as well as the quality and type of liming material. This publication explains how to properly lime turfgrass areas.