Take Steps to Keep Powdery Mildew From Growing on Healthy Plants
Posted: July 20, 2016
Every year, there are pests and diseases we have to keep in check.
One inevitable disease, regardless of what is in your garden, is powdery mildew. There are unique aspects of powdery mildew that make it difficult to keep away. While other diseases fester on injured or stressed plants, powdery mildew grows on healthy plants. Fairly high humidity and moderately warm temperatures are all powdery mildew needs to grow. This makes the disease prevalent in your yard.
Visual inspection is the easiest way to determine if powdery mildew exists. The leaves are covered in a talc-like substance, making it look like powder was shaken all over them. New growth tends to be smothered in it, resulting in a stunted, curled look. Older leaves affected will have the typical white spores and will tend to turn yellow, a problem called chlorosis. In ideal conditions, the disease can be in full force in three to five days.
There are cultural controls a homeowner can use to help manage the disease. What this means is you can take some steps without using chemicals first. The disease is hampered when there is adequate light and ventilation. If your plants are crowded, it’s best to thin them out. Keeping the air moving in and around your plants will inhibit the fungi. Woody perennials can be pruned to maintain light and ventilation.
There are many kinds of ornamental plants which are susceptible. The disease is not limited to annuals and vegetables, so thin out peonies, viburnum, euonymus, and others. While some other landscape plants may not be affected by powdery mildew, if they are overgrown and shade out the other landscape elements, they can contribute to the disease.
There are options if chemical control is needed, but they should be applied as soon as the symptoms first appear. It is very important to read the label first, as some treatments when applied to the wrong plant, may severely damage it. For example, using sulfur on viburnum or applied on hot days can kill the plant. Most often, fungicides have to be applied regularly to be effective. Please purchase a fungicide suited for powdery mildew, and it should state it clearly on the label. Chlorothalonil is a popular choice as is a copper based fungicide. Caution must be exercised as all chemicals have some risk to the applicator, the plant, and beneficial insects.
For more information on powdery mildew on ornamentals, the Penn State Master Gardeners in your county have a fact sheet to help you manage this disease.