Common name: Horehound
Scientific name: Marrubium vulgare
Uses: Culinary and medicinal.The leaves, which taste like menthol, are used in teas and candies. The plants can be grown in containers. Horehound is said to have some medicinal qualities.
History: The name is formed from horus, the Egyptian god of sky and light. For thousands of years, horehound has been valued as a cough remedy. The Greek physician Hippocrates held this herb in high esteem for healing many ailments.
Description: This plant has a fibrous, spindle-shaped rootstock which sends up many bushy, square, downy stems. The leaves are 2 inches long and opposite in pairs. They usually are round-ovate, wrinkled, rough on top, and woolly underneath. The lower leaves have petioles. The small white flowers are two-lipped in dense whorls. The fruit is comprised of barbed seeds inside a small nutlet.
Plant type: Perennial
Hardiness: Hardiness zone 4.
Height: 24 to 36 inches
Width: 20 inches
Soil: deep, sandy, well-drained soil with a pH of 6.9
Disease: None noted.
Cultivation: Horehound grows easily and sows itself readily if allowed to flower and set seed. In early spring, sow seeds 1Ž8 inch deep. For an early harvest, start seeds indoors. Plant outside and thin seedlings to 10 to 20 inches apart. By the second year, the plants will be sizable and will produce flowers and seeds.
Companion planting: No information available.
Propagation: Seeds or division in spring.
Flowering period: June to September
Garden notes: None available.