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Table 6.3. Wine Grape Varieties for Pennsylvania

Informational table showing wine grape varieties for Pennsylvania.
Variety Approximate
Harvest
Season
Winter
Hardiness
Wine
Quality
Disease
Suscep-
tibility
BR
Disease
Suscep-
tibility
DM
Disease
Suscep-
tibility
PM
Disease
Suscep-
tibility
BUR
Sulfur
Sensi-
tivity
White Wines
             
Auroraa,b Early Hardy Fair 3 1 2 3 No
Catawbaf Late Hardy Good 3 3 2 1 No
Cayuga Whitec Early Semihardy Good - Excellent 2 2 1 1 No
Chardonel Late Semihardy Good - Excellent - 2 3 2 No
Chardonnaya,b,g Early Mid-season Tender Excellent 3 3 3 2 No
Delaware Early Hardy Fair 2 3 2 1 No
Gewurztraminerg Early Mid-season Tender Excellent 3 3 3 2 No
Muscat Ottonel Late Tender Excellent 3 3 3 2 No
Niagara Early Mid-season Hardy Good 3 3 2 1 No
Seyvala,b,c,d,e Mid-season Semihardy Good - Excellent 2 2 1 1 No
Vidal 256d Late Semihardy Good - Excellent 1 2 2 1 No
White Rieslingb,c,g Late Tender Excellent 2 3 3 3 No
Red Wines                
Cabarnet Francg,h Mid-season Tenderh Excellent 3 3 3 1 No
Cabarnet Sauvignong Late Tender Excellent 3 3 3 1 No
Chambourcin Mid-season Medium Good - Excellent 3 1 1 2 No
Chancellorb,c Mid-season Hardy Good - Excellent 3 3 3 1 Yes
Concord Mid-season Hardy Good - Excellent 3 1 3 1 Yes
DeChaunaca Mid-season Hardy Good - Excellent 3 3 2 1 No
Leon Millota Very Early Hardy Good - Excellent 3 2 3 - No
Marechal Focha Very Early Hardy Good - Excellent 2 1 2 1 Yes
Rougeon Mid-season Moderately Hardy Good 2 3 3 2 Yes
Steubend Late Medium Good - Excellent 2 1 1 2 No

Diseases: BR = black rot; DM = downy mildew; PM = powdery mildew; BUR = bunch rot
Disease susceptibility: 1 = low susceptibility; 2 = moderately susceptible; 3 = very susceptible; - = no information
a. Susceptible to bird depredation
b. Fruit may crack after heavy rains
c. Frequent shoot breakage during growing season
d. Shoots tend to tie back in fall and winter
e. Susceptible to aerial form of Phylloxera
f. Use sulfur only in postbloom sprays
g. Varieties are European grapes, or Vitis vinifera
h. The most cold-hardy of the European red grapes

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Table 6.3. Wine Grape Varieties for Pennsylvania

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