European Apple Sawfly
Since 1985, European apple sawfly (Hoplocampa testudinea) has extended its range from the northeastern portion of Pennsylvania to the Maryland border. Now this pest is common throughout fruit orchards located in all fruit-growing areas of Pennsylvania.
European apple sawfly adults are about 5/16 inch long and wasp like, but with a broad attachment of the thorax and abdomen. Sawfly larvae resemble caterpillars but have prolegs on each abdominal segment. Sawflies overwinter as larvae in the soil and have only one generation per year. Adults emerge during late pink and early bloom. Eggs are laid on the calyx end of developing fruit. Young larvae feed along the surface of the fruit and leave a winding feeding scar on the surface. These apples usually remain on the tree, and the presence of the scars can reduce fruit value. Older larvae bore deeply into one or more fruit, usually causing mid-season fruit abortion.
White sticky rectangle traps should be placed at one per 3 to 5 acres along the orchard periphery at pink on the south sides of trees at 5 to 6 feet above the ground. Treatment thresholds are 5.5 flies per trap by petal fall if no prebloom insecticide has been applied or 4.7 flies per trap with a prebloom insecticide.
An application of a broad-spectrum insecticide as soon as pollination is complete is the best control tactic for orchards with a history of this sawfly.