A diagnostic tool to measure the extent and depth of subsurface compaction is a penetrometer, or soil compaction tester.
The increasing size of farm quipment may cause significant soil compaction that can negatively affect soil productivity as well as environmental quality. Learn ways to avoid soil compaction.
Soil compaction is the reduction of soil volume due to external factors; this reduction lowers soil productivity and environmental quality.
This study was established in 2002, with 9 treatments. A description of each compaction treatment can be found in Table 1.