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2015

December

Contributors for December 1st, 2015
December 2, 2015
2015 Interseeder Results in Longer-Season Corn
December 2, 2015
Interseeding in northern climates has been very successful. Mixed results in long-season corn has prompt research into possible adjustment for interseeding in more southern locations in Pennsylvania.
Meters, Tubes and Coulters; Take Time for Planter Maintenance
December 2, 2015
No-till planting is now the predominant practice in Pennsylvania, representing more than 65% of planted acres. Many problems with no-till can often be traced back to poor planter performance.
Is Excessive Growth Effecting the Winter Survival of Small Grains?
December 2, 2015
The warm fall coupled with adequate moisture has stimulated many small grain and cover crop fields to provide excellent growth. While this is a bonus if you were looking to take a late fall harvest, it is not necessarily a good thing for winter survival.
Manure: Tips for Making Sure Your Covered this Winter
December 2, 2015
Quick Tips for late fall, winter, and early spring manure application on the farm. Some common sense application techniques to keep manure spreaders on the straight and narrow.
Six of One, Half Dozen of the Other: the Future of Weed Management?
December 2, 2015
You cannot avoid the topic of herbicide resistant weed management these days. Whether you grow cotton in the Delta of Mississippi, soybean in Indiana, or corn in Pennsylvania, chances are good that there are herbicide resistant weeds near or on your farm.
Ready to Market the 2016 Crop or Still Contemplating Storage of 2015?
December 2, 2015
I am sharing my thoughts and observations as I see the corn and soybean markets today.
Weather Outlook for the Week of December 1st, 2015
December 2, 2015
After an exceptionally mild and relatively dry November, the first few days of December will bring a brief period of wintry weather to parts of the state followed by an extended period of tranquil conditions.

November

Contributors for November 3rd, 2015
November 3, 2015
SoilWeb – A Handy-Dandy App to Retrieve Soil Info on Your Farm
November 3, 2015
Soils information about your farm available, free on your PC or smart phone. This handy App provides detailed information about soil type and productivity for the various fields on a farm.
The Time for Dormant Seeding is Now
November 3, 2015
When is it too late to seed a cover crop? “Dormant” seeding may be the way to go. Soil specialist, Sjoerd Duiker, defines dormant seeding.
Cover Crops after First Frost
November 3, 2015
Individual species in cover crop mixtures will respond differently to below freezing temperature. Learn about their characteristics here.
Potential for Hemp Production in Pennsylvania
November 3, 2015
Hemp is a crop which has been grown around the world for centuries and was grown extensively in Colonial America; yet, is currently illegal to grown for any potential use. A brief history of hemp, its potential uses and the legality of growing hemp in PA are discussed.
Marketing
November 3, 2015
Minnesota West Ag Services has an on-line list of what they believe are 15 Characteristics of Successful Marketers. Their perspective is shared here.
Corn Silage Evaluation Trials Posted
November 3, 2015
Penn State Extension and the Professional Dairy Managers of Pennsylvania release 2105 Pennsylvania Corn Hybrid Silage Trial Results. You can evaluate hybrids based on many factors including: yield, digestibility, crude protein, fiber content, and derived values such as milk per acre and Mill per ton.
Now is the Time for Soil Sampling
November 3, 2015
Regular soil sampling is essential to not only to balance soil nutrient levels but sets the stage for maximum economic yields. Soil testing can also serve as a barometer of soil health and productivity.
Weather Outlook for the Week of Nov 2nd, 2015
November 3, 2015
Beautiful late summer like weather with sunshine and little rainfall is predicted across much of the state for this, the first week of November!

October

Contributors for October 13, 2015
October 13, 2015
Organic Cover Crop Interseeder Field Walk held October 1 in Lancaster County
October 13, 2015
The interseeder cover crop trial in Lancaster County is one of three on-farm trials, in addition to more detailed research at Rock Springs, to look at reducing tillage in organic grain crop production.
Be Ready for the Big One - the Importance of Soil Armor
October 13, 2015
The recent high-intensity rainfall events in South Carolina remind us of the need to keep our soils covered.
Fall Weed Control in Wheat and Barley
October 13, 2015
Read about some herbicide options for an application to your small grains this fall.
Residue Distribution Critical for No-till Success
October 13, 2015
Did you know that no-till planting starts at harvest? Uniformly distributed crop residue is critical to obtaining a good stand of the next crop.
Weather Outlook for October 13
October 13, 2015
A cooler, but more seasonable, remainder of the week is in store with a very cold weekend. Some precipitation will fall through the early part of the weekend but things will dry out towards next week.

September

Contributors for September 1, 2015
September 1, 2015
Watch Testimonials About Manure Injection
September 1, 2015
Researchers report at least a 60% reduction in odor compared with surface broadcasting. But how does manure injection work in practice?
Minimize Soybean Harvesting Loss and Maximize Cost per Bushel
September 1, 2015
Over the last several years of working with soybean producers in Lebanon County, I have learned the importance of timely harvest of soybeans. Last week, I noticed late group 2 beans were ready to harvest. It has been my experience that once 95% of the pods turn brown, about a week later it’s time to combine.
Late Season Soybean Diseases
September 1, 2015
This is the home stretch for beans, but there are still a few diseases in your crop that might only become apparent to you now. Most of these are root or stem infections that cause the leaves to turn early or become necrotic—which is why you initially notice them. But you’ll probably have to look beyond the leaves to get your answer.
Hessian Fly and Cover Crops
September 1, 2015
As silage harvest progresses, growers are starting to think about planting cover crops. Using wheat or other small grains as a cover crop is a common choice, but brings a concern that is easily overlooked: Hessian fly.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
September 1, 2015
This week we have eight reports covering seven counties. Insect pressure remains low in most areas, though small populations of grasshoppers and Japanese beetles persist. Aphid populations seem to be declining, likely due to lady beetles swarming to a tasty meal. Disease pressure remains low, but can still be found. Happy scouting!
Corn Silage Dry Down – Harvesting at the Incorrect Moisture
September 1, 2015
Dry weather conditions across most of the state are hastening corn silage dry down, causing the potential need for growers to get in the fields earlier than planned.
Barley Planting Opportunities
September 1, 2015
With the early maturation of some corn and soybean crops, there could be some opportunities for planting barley this fall. Barley is often discounted in the marketplace, though, and this has limited its potential as a crop. Figuring out how to maximize the value of the crop is a key consideration to improve profitability.
Weather Outlook for September 1
September 1, 2015
The month of August was very dry across the state of Pennsylvania. Most of the western and central Pennsylvania saw just half (or less) of their usual monthly rain totals. The upcoming seven days will continue to be dry with little in the way of widespread, organized precipitation.
Contributors for September 8, 2015
September 8, 2015
Marketing Update: Continued Discussion of “Market Carry” and How It Can Be Used
September 8, 2015
Two weeks ago the marketing article brought up the concept of "market carry". Grain marketers should be doing the math using current harvest price bids as warm-up for doing these same calculation for-real at harvest.
Dry, Warm Conditions Open Window to Address Soil Compaction
September 8, 2015
How a Combination of Subsoiling Combined with Cover Crops is Your Best Management. It has been unseasonably warm and dry lately. Some 600 more growing degrees have been accumulated for corn than average. So harvest of corn and soybeans is earlier than normal. How a Combination of Subsoiling Combined with Cover Crops is Your Best Management
Early Small Grain Planting – It May Be Tempting But It Increases the Risk for Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus
September 8, 2015
This season we are ahead in growing degree days and also fairly dry in most areas in the state. As a result, corn and beans are drying down quickly, giving us an opportunity to chop, harvest and then plant wheat and other small grains early.
Corn Leaf Aphid: Learn from the Trouble of Others and the Best Strategy for Avoiding Problems
September 8, 2015
At this time of year it is unlikely that managing these aphid populations will be economical, and there would be a further challenge of getting effective control given the size of the plants and getting material through the canopy down to the aphids. The point of this article, then, is to learn from this issue, so the problem can be avoided in future years.
Planning for 2015 Wheat Planting
September 8, 2015
Now is the time to start thinking about wheat planting.
Corn Silage Dry Down - Double Cropping Systems
September 8, 2015
The dry weather is continuing across most of the state, causing corn silage to dry down at rapid rates and allowing growers the possibility of getting into the fields for harvest earlier than expected.
High Potential for Silo Gas this Year Is Drive by Drought and Heat
September 8, 2015
The combination of scorching heat and drought conditions heighten the potential for silo gas during harvest. Late season rainfall on drought-stressed corn in manured fields could produce higher-than-average nitrates resulting in high gas levels in silos.
Weather Outlook for September 8
September 8, 2015
The past seven days were abnormally warm and dry across the state. About half of the state received less than a quarter of an inch of precipitation since last Wednesday, and around 20 percent did not observe anything at all. A change to cooler and wetter weather will occur from midweek through the upcoming weekend.
Contributors for September 15, 2015
September 15, 2015
Survey On Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Is Looking For Participants
September 15, 2015
We’re Looking For Participants for our survey on the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
Start Clean and Stack the Deck Against Cereal Killers
September 15, 2015
Take actions now that will enhance your winter small grains health this fall and into the next year.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
September 15, 2015
Pest populations remain low overall
Be Smart About Pasture Renovation
September 15, 2015
Three things that could greatly improve the potential for “big returns” when renovating pastures are soil fertility, pasture management and reduced weed competition.
Marketing
September 15, 2015
Prices are following the pattern we expect at this time of the season
Corn Silage Dry Down Report – Options for Dry Corn
September 15, 2015
Possible options for corn that is too dry to chop for silage.
Weather Outlook for September 15
September 15, 2015
Some really nice weather through the end of the week but not very fall-like.
Contributors for September 22, 2015
September 22, 2015
Fall Pasture and Grazing Management
September 22, 2015
Be careful not to hurt your pasture stand this fall. Read about tips for successful fall pasture management.
Herbicide Considerations for Cover and Forage Crops
September 22, 2015
Read about considerations dealing with cover crops and herbicides.
Potassium for Crop Production
September 22, 2015
Read about ways to insure optimum Potassuim fertilization on your farm.
Time to Check Your Grain Drill Seed Drop
September 22, 2015
Be sure to calibrate your grain drill before you seed your small grains this fall.
Harvesting Frosted Sorghum, Sudangrass or Sorghum-Sudangrass
September 22, 2015
The harvest method affects the risk of prussic acid poisoning.
Weather Outlook for September 22
September 22, 2015
Temperatures will moderate into late week. Western parts of the state to likely remain dry.
Contributors for September 29, 2015
September 29, 2015
Editor's Bottom-Line
September 29, 2015
The Penn State Field & Forage Crop Team thank you for the readership of the Field Crop News throughout the summer.
Upcoming Events
September 29, 2015
How Warm Was it This Season?
September 29, 2015
You may recall we did not have an exceptionally early planting of our corn and soybeans this spring but our crops have matured early and are being harvested earlier than normal. How is that so?
As Halloween Approaches: the Value of Bats to Crop Production
September 29, 2015
The significant contribution that bats have in successful crop production is revealed in an extensive mid-west study. Diversity, we are reminded, is a great thing.
Wheat Stand Evaluation
September 29, 2015
Make time now to evaluate your wheat stands and put the information into play for next year. Producers still planting wheat this fall can garner some insight here too.
Weather Outlook for September 29
September 29, 2015
It is going to be a wet period starting this afternoon - some places could see rainfall totals (from tonight through next week) seen only about once every 100 years - stay dry!

August

Contributors for August 4th
August 4, 2015
Prices to Consider in Crop Management Decision Making
August 4, 2015
Don’t Forget to Count the Cost of Getting the Crop to Market
Pricing Corn Silage Update
August 4, 2015
Here’s A Tool For Running Your Own Numbers For Negotiating A Fair Price
Cover Crop Planting Time is Here
August 4, 2015
Or Will Be Soon. Remember; Location, Location, Location
Western Bean Cutworm
August 4, 2015
The Threat, Though Low, Remains in the Northern Counties
Hay Crop Traffic Damage - Observations and Signs of Recovery
August 4, 2015
Allowing a Little Time to Pass Before Making Costly Management Decisions Can Allow Some Wounds to Heal
Eastern Black Nightshade a Concern in Some Areas
August 4, 2015
Weed of the Week: Eastern Black Nightshade
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
August 4, 2015
Reports from this week Indicate Low pest pressure prevailing.
Winter Wheat Variety Test Results
August 4, 2015
Lines in our tests varied by about 30 bushels per acre. Variety selection can be your most important management decision.
Weather Outlook
August 4, 2015
Slightly Cooler Than Normal With Two Opportunities For Organized, Steady Rain.
Contributors for August 11, 2015
August 11, 2015
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
August 11, 2015
Pest pressures remain low. Timing to see economic benefits from insecticide applications have mostly past.
Frogeye Leaf Spot
August 11, 2015
Frogeye Leafspot typically not a detrimental pest in PA, but warmer weather can increase its presence.
Depth and Contact Crucial in Forage Establishment
August 11, 2015
Controlling the depth of forage seeding and ensuring good seed-to-soil contact are the keys to successful forage establishment in the summer.
End of Season Nitrogen Management Assessment
August 11, 2015
What happened to your N? A Late Season Stalk Nitrate Test may help.
Weather Outlook - August 11, 2015
August 11, 2015
Temperatures will continue to be below normal with wet weather returning by the weekend
Contributors for August 25, 2015
August 25, 2015
New Field and Forage Crop Educator Hired in Dauphin and Perry Counties
August 25, 2015
Please welcome our new Field and Forage Crops Educator Liz Bosak.
Soybean Contest Sign Up
August 25, 2015
We are nearing the deadline for the Pennsylvania Soybean Contest and you are encouraged to participate in this PSB sponsored event.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
August 25, 2015
From John Tooker, PSU Entomology Specialist. Reports from this week indicate continued low pest pressure overall.
Marketing
August 25, 2015
With expectations the final 2015 U.S. corn and soybean harvest will be at least slightly less than currently projected by USDA.
Hybrid Rye Evaluation Update
August 25, 2015
After two years of testing, hybrid ryes (“not your father’s rye”) are impressive.
Don’t Plant Perennial Forages Too Late
August 26, 2015
Late summer forage seeding dates window is here, so get them in on time.
Corn Silage Dry Down – Dry Weather Hastens Moisture Loss
August 26, 2015
Corn silage dry down is variable and progressing rapidly.
Weather Outlook for August 25th
August 26, 2015
Quiet through the weekend followed by some unsettled weather next week.

July

Contributors for July 8, 2015
July 8, 2015
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
July 8, 2015
This week we have 13 reports from 11 counties.
Crop Insurance
July 8, 2015
If your fields suffered from too much rain causing delayed plantings you should be fully informed of any and all crop insurance coverage implications.
Marketing
July 8, 2015
As one friend said yesterday, “Corn prices have gotten more interesting!”
Intensive Grazing Can Improve Soil
July 8, 2015
Study showed that management intensive grazing of perennial grassland increased organic matter content, cation exchange capacity, and water holding capacity.
Poison Ivy Enjoying the Changing Climate
July 8, 2015
This climbing or trailing woody deciduous vine is native and widespread with a reputation that precedes it.
Weather Outlook - July 8, 2015
July 8, 2015
The broken record of wet weather continues.
Contributors for July 14, 2015
July 14, 2015
Subsoiling Increased Corn Yield on Fragipan Soil
July 14, 2015
Using non-inversion subsoiling, improved corn yields on soils with shallow fragipans.
Disease Update (Mostly Corn)
July 14, 2015
As our weather patterns have changed from a dry spring to a humid and persistently rainy summer, so has our disease risk. Here’s what to be thinking about.
Current Insect Issue: Western Corn Rootworm, True Armyworm, Tank Mixing
July 14, 2015
Two important pest species that are active now and one relevant pest management issue.
Soybean Double Cropping After Small Grain Harvest- When is too Late?
July 14, 2015
This year has changed the game when it comes to double cropping soybeans.
Managing Mid Season Weeds in Soybeans
July 14, 2015
Soybeans flowering is in full swing in many areas, which marks the tail end of when soybean herbicides can be applied.
Weather Outlook for July 14, 2015
July 14, 2015
A pleasant end to the work week will precede a wet and humid stretch from the weekend through early next week.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
July 14, 2015
This week we have 18 reports from 15 counties.
Contributors for July 21, 2015
July 21, 2015
Late Season Nitrogen Deficiency
July 21, 2015
With all of the rain we have had since June, there are a lot of questions about nitrogen (N) deficiency.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
July 21, 2015
This week we have 16 reports from 14 counties.
Need Forage? Try Annual Crops
July 21, 2015
Alternative species to meet forage needs and supplement feedstocks.
Reseeding in Flooded Areas of Spring Planted Forages
July 21, 2015
What to do with alfalfa fields that have low lying areas with poor stands and weed pressure.
Assessing Soybean Fields for Insect Damage
July 21, 2015
This time of year (July) a suite of insect pest species are feeding upon soybean foliage. The pest complex is dominated by Japanese beetle, grasshoppers, and green cloverworm, but other species are also active, including Mexican bean beetle and newly emerging bean leaf beetles.
Identification is a Key to Disease Management
July 21, 2015
It’s this time of year that we begin to see more disease issues in corn and beans. This is partly because late July and August is a reliably humid time in the Mid-Atlantic, and those fungi and bacteria just love moisture.
Palmer Amaranth Continues to Spread in Pennsylvania
July 21, 2015
In the last few days, we have heard of three more farms identifying fields with Palmer amaranth. (Southeast, South central, and the western part of the state)
Weather Outlook for July 21st, 2015
July 22, 2015
A beautiful last half of the week is in store - enjoy!
Contributors for July 28th, 2015
July 28, 2015
What to Do with a Very Mature (Dead) Hay Crop?
July 28, 2015
That old, low quality hay crop has value!
Lancaster County Corn Yields from 1960 to Today
July 28, 2015
Trend line for corn yields continue to increase!
Five Acre Corn Club Deadline Approaching
July 28, 2015
Document those record high yields this year!
Wheat Falling Number - What is it?
July 28, 2015
Grain elevators paying close attention to falling numbers!
Winter Barley Performance Data Posted
July 28, 2015
Feed barley and malting barley test results released!
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
July 28, 2015
Some moderate insect pressure but diseases pressure remains low!
Weather Outlook for July 28th 2015
July 28, 2015
After some very warm and humid weather earlier in the week, slightly cooler and noticeably less humid conditions will prevail through the weekend.

June

Contributors
June 2, 2015
Upcoming Events
June 2, 2015
Check out what the Extension Team has planned!
Spotty Soybean Stands? Here Are Some Tools For Assessing Populations And Making Decisions
June 2, 2015
As soybean fields are emerging across the state, there are some reports coming in of variable stands. Now can be a perfect time to examine those fields, and make management decisions on whether to fill in a stand, replant, or leave them alone.
Weed of the Week: Poison Hemlock
June 2, 2015
Poison hemlock has exploded over the last several years, particularly along roadsides but it can also be found in pastures and along field edges.
Soil Moisture By The Numbers And Oh, By the Way, There's An App For That Too!
June 2, 2015
The quest to manage soil moisture.
Soybean Scouting Indicates Low Pest Pressure In This First Report Of The Season
June 2, 2015
Soybean Sentinel Plot update.
Corn Herbicide Application Timings
June 2, 2015
Knowing the terminology is Important in corn herbicide application timings.
Burcucumber
June 2, 2015
This weed is more of a problem during wet summers and is the poster child For Integrated Weed Management.
Pricing Hay
June 2, 2015
Lots of Variables and Oh, By the Way, there’s an App For That.
Follow Up On Frost Damage
June 2, 2015
After last week’s frost event I received feedback and made some observations myself about the variable nature of the damage. In some cases it was fairly striking. These have caused some questions about why this variation occurs.
Weather Outlook
June 2, 2015
Periods Of Scattered Showers Will Predominate
Contributors for June 9, 2015
June 9, 2015
PDA Schedules Meetings to Discuss Avian Influenza
June 9, 2015
Does the Threat of High Pathogenic Avian Influenza Have Your Feathers Ruffled?
The Soil Erosion Season is Upon Us
June 9, 2015
The benefits of no-till and cover crops are evident as we receive heavy rain from thunderstorms.
Multiflora Rose Problems in Pastures? Control it Now!
June 9, 2015
Now is a great time to address problems with multiflora rose.
Forage Crop Insurance Still Evolving
June 9, 2015
Do you have forage insurance? Should you consider purchasing coverage? Changes are on the way for 2016.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
June 9, 2015
Six reports from eight counties highlight the weekly summary. Bean leaf beetle damage remains restricted to older leaves; no diseases reported.
Time to Scout for Potato Leafhopper
June 9, 2015
Recent rains have introduced potato leafhopper (PLH) into alfalfa fields. Read about the updated thresholds for PLH IPM.
Evaluating Your Wheat Crop for Disease
June 9, 2015
It’s time to check your wheat crop to gain an idea of what kind of quality you can expect at harvest.
Recent Conditions Favor Hot Hay
June 9, 2015
The rainy weather the past two weeks has provided a challenge to bale dry hay. Keep a watchful eye to insure your hay doesn’t catch fire.
Weather Outlook
June 9, 2015
Warmer and more humid weather will dominate the upcoming week, with frequent chances for more precipitation.
Contributors
June 16, 2015
Marketing
June 16, 2015
I’ve had a couple discussions with producers about the impact of High Path Avian Influenza in the upper Midwest, and the price of corn. The thinking goes something like; with over 50 million birds destroyed due to the outbreak, the corn that would have been consumed is now on the market looking for another home. How might this impact farm prices?
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
June 16, 2015
The following is the weekly report of the Soybean Sentinel Plot. Check your near-by county locations for insect pressure.
Post Weed Control in Soybean
June 16, 2015
Postemergence soybean herbicide applications are starting to happen across the state. The following article addresses some of the key issues.
Midseason Weed Control Issues
June 16, 2015
As we proceed through the growing season, there are a few issues surrounding weed control and herbicide use. Below are some items to consider:
Grain Crops and the Warm Wet Weather
June 16, 2015
The warm wet weather is having mixed effects on our grain crops. Here are a few things to think about for each of our major crops.
USDA, FSA new farm bill crops program enroll is here!
June 16, 2015
Remember all those conversations, articles and meetings this past winter concerning the new farm bill safety net? Well, hopefully you did get your yields updated, base acres reallocated and made a program decision by the deadline – because – now it is time to go to the County FSA office and enroll in which ever program you picked.
Nitrogen Loss Concerns with Heavy Rains
June 16, 2015
With very heavy rains in some areas of the state over the last week there have been concerns with nitrogen (N) loss. That is a real concern. A common recommendation in this situation is to run a PSNT test to evaluate the N status after the heavy rain.
Weather Outlook
June 16, 2015
More scattered rain showers are forecast, some heavy totals for some parts of the Keystone state.
Contributors for June 30, 2015
June 30, 2015
Next Week’s Field Crop News
June 30, 2015
Next week’s edition of Field Crop News will be released on Wednesday, July 8th. It will return to its normal Tuesdays the following week (July 14).
Blue Mold Present on Tobacco in Lancaster County
June 30, 2015
Blue mold has been found growing in several tobacco fields in the Bartville area of southern Lancaster County. Growers need to be aware of the disease and take appropriate action.
Poisonous Pasture Weeds
June 30, 2015
Grazing animals will very rarely eat poisonous weeds if there are other options. However, the wet weather has been great for poisonous plant growth and the concern is heightened. Knowing which plants are poisonous and how poisonous they are could help avoid a problem.
2015 Interseeder Research Update: PA Southern Counties
June 30, 2015
Previous research at Penn State on interseeding cover crops into standing corn has found results that were less consistent in longer-season and/or very high-yielding corn than those seen where yields were not as great. Perhaps the intensity and the duration of the “shade period” later on in the growing season may be taking a toll on the survival of the cover crop.
Insect Pests to Consider: soybean aphids, potato leaf hopper, armyworm, and corn rootworm
June 30, 2015
As the growing season progresses steadily, I wanted to bring a few potential pests to your attention. Reminding folks of these pest species will help you stay alert should you encounter them in your fields.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
June 30, 2015
This week, we have 19 reports from 16 counties. Slug damage is fairly widespread with the continued wet weather; double cropped soybeans are a greater risk from slugs. Some diseases are starting to show, but the wet weather certainly will foster other diseases.
Horseweed/Marestail Control in Double-Crop Soybean
June 30, 2015
Horseweed or marestail control can be challenging in double crop soybeans. Horseweed plants can be large and/or they have been cutoff with the combine, making them more challenging to control.
Now is the Time to Gather Soybean Leaves for Plant Tissue Testing
June 30, 2015
Since we cannot test the soil with accurate assessment of micronutrients, the best way to determine hidden hunger is with a simple $24.00 plant tissue test.
Wheat Harvest Underway
June 30, 2015
Wheat harvest has started. It’s time to strive for timely harvest management. Nothing good happens when ripe grain gets wet.
Marketing
June 30, 2015
Remember just a few short weeks past when harvest 2015 corn was trading around $365 in Chicago? Have you noticed this same crop is now trading in the $400 neighborhood?
Weather Outlook
June 30, 2015
A wet June looks to lead into a wet start to July!
Using Hay Preservatives
June 23, 2015
Wet weather is making hay making difficult. Learn about potential hay preservative options.
Soybean Sentinel Plot Update
June 23, 2015
Soybean insects are kicking into high gear this week. Be sure you are scouting.
Weed Management in CREP Grasslands
June 23, 2015
It's time to think about managing those weedy plants in CREP before they set seed.
Palmer Amaranth and Waterhemp Scouting and Control
June 23, 2015
Scout for Palmer amaranth and waterhemp now in full-season soybeans and anticipate for double-crop.
Weather Outlook Week of June 23
June 23, 2015
The up-and-down pattern of temperatures accompanied by episodes of precipitation is expected to continue through at least the first week of July.

May

Contributors for May 5, 2015
May 5, 2015
From Feast to Famine – Running Out of Water!
May 5, 2015
It is always important to remember that the major reason for yield failure in Pennsylvania is lack of moisture during the summer. So what can farmers do to make the most of natural precipitation?
Beat the Weeds! Sacrifice Lots Need to Be Reseeded Too!
May 5, 2015
Sacrifice lots can be seeded to annuals for quick growth and cover or seeded into perennials if the sacrifice lot can be rotated each year.
Malting Barley Field Day
May 5, 2015
There’s lots of interest in locally grown food and feed and now considerable interest is developing in growing malting barley for local malting to ultimately be used by craft brewers in the state. Join us on June 11th for an afternoon field day on this new crop market.
Warm Weather Hastens Emergence and Development
May 5, 2015
The sudden change to summer like conditions will likely speed corn emergence compared to normal. This rapid emergence will be good in some ways for assessing stands but shortens the window for pre-emergent herbicide applications.
Five Acre Corn Club Deadline Approaching
May 5, 2015
Corn planting got off to a great start this week and yield prospects are good at this point. We are continuing our tradition of the Five Acre Corn Club this year to document the yields that top growers are achieving around the state.
Herbicide Resistant Weed Trials This Season
May 5, 2015
We initiated a marestail/horseweed soybean study at our Landisville research farm that has a great deal of promise and another noteworthy trial we are conducting is on Palmer amaranth.
Drought and Preemergence Herbicides
May 5, 2015
Dry weather can affect both soil applied and postemergence herbicide performance. All soil applied herbicides require rainfall to mobilize them for effective weed control. In general, rainfall should occur within 7 to 10 days after application or before weed emergence.
Alfalfa Stand Assessment: Should I Keep or Terminate that Aging Field of Alfalfa?
May 5, 2015
This is a good time of year, as the alfalfa is rapidly growing and gaining height, to decide if it will be a healthy productive stand for another year, or if you should consider rotating to corn after first cutting.
Nitrogen Application in Warm, Dry Weather
May 5, 2015
Applying any urea containing fertilizer to the soil surface during warm, dry, windy conditions will maximize the potential for N volatilization losses. This loss occurs quickly, starting within hours following application with most of the loss occurring within 2 days following application.
Black Cutworm Update
May 5, 2015
Penn State Extension’s Black Cutworm Monitoring Network has now detected six significant flights of this migratory pest species across the state. Black cutworms are a bit more active than usual this year; thus, growers generally need to be aware of this situation and watch your fields as the spring progresses.
Weather Outlook for May 5, 2015
May 5, 2015
Warmer than normal, and summer-like, conditions will dominate the next 7 days across Pennsylvania with very little in the way of widespread, organized precipitation until early next week.
Contributors for May 12, 2015
May 12, 2015
Cover Crop Season in Full Swing
May 12, 2015
Cover crop observations at the research farm showing good results and work continues.
Keeping Pastures Productive in Dry Times
May 12, 2015
Protecting pasture yield potential a key practice given our dry start to 2015.
Grass Tetany in Grazing Animals
May 12, 2015
Be alert to the potential risk for Grass Tetany in high potassium soils and when other conditions are favorable for the development of this livestock illness.
Insect Pests to Keep in Mind: Black Cutworm, Alfalfa Weevil, Cereal Leaf Beetle
May 12, 2015
Black cutworm monitoring highlighting a couple more potential hotspots while alfalfa and small grain pests can be revealed with timely scouting.
Dry Weather Still a Concern for Good Weed Control
May 12, 2015
In the May 5 Field Crop News, we discussed how dry weather will influence soil applied and post herbicide performance.
Acuron Herbicide Receives Federal Registration
May 12, 2015
Syngenta's new corn herbicide Acuron is now labeled for field corn, sweet corn, seed corn and yellow popcorn.
Marketing Advice
May 12, 2015
Will guessing correctly cash flow the farm? Looking ahead to harvest with the best “guesses” on yields and prices can help you plan accordingly.
Weather Outlook for May 12, 2015
May 12, 2015
Drying conditions persist with the lack of rainfall but jackets and cooler, more seasonable, temperatures can be expected.
Contributors for May 19, 2015
May 19, 2015
GMO 101: The Science of GMOs
May 19, 2015
Researchers explain what science reveals about GMOs – both the benefits and the risks
Cut Hay Early for Better Quality
May 19, 2015
Growth stage of the forage rules the day on forage quality and timely harvesting can set the trajectory for optimum yields over the balance of the season.
Perennial Weeds Not Created Equal
May 19, 2015
Perennial weeds are not created equal and so too the timing for best control varies. Manage those vulnerable now and anticipate opportunities later in the season for others.
Time to Scout for Black Cutworm and True Armyworm
May 19, 2015
Growing degree accumulations indicate the potential for black cutworm feeding at several locations around the state and scouting is key for managing this occasional but potentially impactful pest. Vigilance in our small grains and grass hay crops is also warranted as several Midwestern states are reporting significant flights of true armyworm.
Evaluating Early Season Corn and Soybean Stands
May 19, 2015
Corn at V3 stage in Centre County showing uniform spacing and development.
Fusarium Head Blight Update
May 19, 2015
Local conditions dictate the risk for fusarium head blight. Be familiar with the indicators for elevated risk and respond accordingly.
Weather Outlook for May 19, 2015
May 19, 2015
Rains soothing some regional shortfalls but dryer and cooler conditions anticipated through the weekend.
Contributors for May 26, 2015
May 26, 2015
Grain Marketing Update
May 26, 2015
Set your marketing decisions on a core set of principles and adhere to them as you stay flexible depending on market specifics.
Japanese Stiltgrass an Increasingly Common Occurrence in Pennsylvania
May 26, 2015
Although stiltgrass is most commonly found in shady, moist, and disturbed environments, we are seeing it becoming increasingly common on the edges of farm fields and it is invading pasture, hay fields, home landscapes and low-maintenance turf areas.
In-Season Testing for Corn N Management
May 26, 2015
Does your corn crop need additional Nitrogen to produce a top yield? Here are two ways to find out.
One for the Blackbird, One for the Crow, One for the Cutworm and One to Grow
May 26, 2015
This week, calls have been coming in to our Penn State Extension offices across the state asking for assistance in diagnosing and assessing some of these early season pest problems. Bird damage continues to be one of the issues near the top of this list.
Black Cutworm and Cereal Leaf Beetle
May 26, 2015
Keep in mind that black cutworm moth activity has been substantial this spring. We now have had 10 locations in our Black Cutworm Monitoring Network that have detected significant flights of this pest species. Also Cereal Leaf Beetles are active in some small grain fields, scouting is recommended.
Frost Sets Back Corn and Soybeans in some Areas
May 26, 2015
Some parts of the state experienced frost on Saturday morning this weekend, causing some concern. After 85 degree temperatures earlier in the month, I thought this threat might be past for the year but apparently that was not the case.
Weather Outlook for May 26, 2015
May 26, 2015
East-central Pennsylvania is now experiencing ‘moderate drought’ conditions with the remainder of the eastern third of the state (and a sliver of the northwest) seeing abnormally dry conditions. The next 7 days will be relatively unsettled, which will bring the potential for some reprieve from the lack of rainfall recently.

April

Weather Outlook for April 7, 2015
April 7, 2015
Temperature rollercoaster this week with showers.
Cereal Rust Mite Should Be Ramping Up in Timothy Fields
April 7, 2015
As timothy fields begin to green up it is time to scout for the presence of Cereal Rust Mites.
Black Cutworm Monitoring Network
April 7, 2015
Penn State Extension Educators are deploying 20 traps this week to monitor the arrival of this pest from the South in an effort to predict when growers should scout their fields for damage.
Winter Annual Weed Control in Alfalfa
April 7, 2015
As warmer weather approaches, start thinking about controlling winter annual weeds (especially common chickweed) in alfalfa.
Early Preplant (EPP) Herbicide Applications...How Early Can They be Sprayed
April 7, 2015
Historically, we have not recommended early preplant herbicide (EPP) application in our region with a couple of exceptions such as for marestail control.
No-Till Alfalfa
April 7, 2015
No-till alfalfa should be part and parcel of a no-till system.
Farmers Talk About the Benefits of Cover Crops
April 7, 2015
Cover crops offer many benefits: they help protect soil from water and wind erosion, improve water infiltration, improve soil structure, help build soil organic matter content, they capture and recycle plant nutrients and can provide forage for your animals. Hear why leading no-till farmers use cover crops in this video.
New Crop Production Guide Aimed at Helping Farmers Tap Growing Organic Markets
April 7, 2015
If you are an organic-crop producer in the Northeast, or a farmer interested in transitioning to organic, there is a new resource available to provide the research-based information you need to be successful.
Contributors for April 7, 2015
April 7, 2015
Contributors for April 14, 2015
April 14, 2015
Special Cover Crop Control Considerations
April 14, 2015
Most cover crops are fairly easy to control in a burndown program as long as you pay attention to detail.
Marestail Management This Spring
April 14, 2015
Here is a recap of what you should be considering for marestail control this spring in soybean.
Is It a Good Time to Spread Lime and Potash on My Alfalfa Fields?
April 14, 2015
Maintaining potash at optimum levels and pH above 6.5 is essential for high alfalfa production.
Alfalfa Weevil is Starting to Hatch
April 14, 2015
Alfalfa weevil is just becoming active in the southern tier of counties.
Cover Crops are Bouncing Back after a Tough Winter
April 14, 2015
Now that the snow is finally gone it is time to evaluate your cover crop stands.
2015 North American Manure Expo: Manure Than You Can Handle
April 14, 2015
The 2015 Manure Expo is coming to Chambersburg, PA, on July 14-15.
Weather Outlook for April 14, 2015
April 14, 2015
April, thus far, has been relatively wet and mild across the western half of the state while much of eastern PA has been drier than average with temperatures near to slightly below normal.
Contributors for April 28, 2015
April 28, 2015
Registration Now Open for Farming for Success Field Day
April 28, 2015
Mark your calendars and register now for the Farming for Success Field Day, which will be held on Thursday, June 25, 2015.
Want to Keep Your Crop Insurance Premium Cost Share?
April 28, 2015
Ensure you have the proper forms on file at your local FSA office by June 1st.
The Benefits of Managed Grazing Systems
April 28, 2015
Managing where and when livestock graze could improve land and pasture conditions, enhance livestock production, and encourage an increase in forage utilization.
Planting Green – A New Cover Crop Management Technique
April 28, 2015
Learn about the benefits and some equipment and crop management considerations of this new no-till technique.
Insect Pests to Keep in Mind: Black Cutworm, Alfalfa Weevil, and Cereal Leaf Beetle
April 28, 2015
Here’s an update to some of the early season insect issues we are seeing across the state.
Suggestions to Reduce Spray Drift
April 28, 2015
Before spraying your crop, consider these 10 pointers to help reduce particle spray drift.
Cover Crops Ready for Take-Off!
April 28, 2015
With the warmer weather, cover crops are beginning to gain some steam. Take a virtual tour of some cover crops.
Resources for Fighting the Good Fight Against Crop Disease
April 28, 2015
Here are some tools you can use to make decisions on disease issues during this growing season.
Small Grain Growth and Development
April 28, 2015
Fall-planted small grains are slow to develop this spring. What are some possible implications?
Weather Outlook
April 28, 2015
Noticeably milder weather in the next week ahead, with some chances of organized precipitation highlight this week’s weather report.

March

Contributors for March 3, 2015
March 3, 2015
Finalizing our New Farm Bill Program Crop Decisions
March 3, 2015
Consider The Supplemental Coverage Option in your crop insurance package.
2014 Farm Bill Improvements for Beginning, Limited Resource and Socially Disadvantaged Crop Farmers
March 3, 2015
Crop Insurance Improvements – improved risk management tools broaden usability
Be on the Lookout for Snow Molds in Small Grains
March 3, 2015
Snow Mold diagnostic techniques shed light on winter fungus
Forage Variety Trials Report Available
March 3, 2015
Penn State releases a performance data summary of alfalfa and cool-season forage grass variety trials conducted in 2014.
Weather Outlook for March
March 3, 2015
A wintry start to March will lead to more seasonal weather by the middle of the month
Contributors for March 17
March 17, 2015
Time for a Planter Tune-Up
March 17, 2015
Maintenance, repairs and adjustments now can save time later in the field.
Marketing: Predicting the Future
March 17, 2015
No one can but think about these marketing principles.
Late Winter and Early Spring Manure Application Considerations
March 17, 2015
Select the best fields and timing to minimize the potential for loss.
Topdressing Winter Grains with Nitrogen
March 17, 2015
Considerations for timing and materials.
Wheat Stand Assessment
March 17, 2015
Check on the effects of late planting and/or winter weather.
Preparing your Pastures for Spring
March 17, 2015
Now is the time to capitalize on warm, early spring days.
Weather Outlook for the Balance of March
March 17, 2015
After a period of mild weather, cooler conditions will prevail for at least the next 7-10 days.
Contributors for March 31, 2015
March 31, 2015
The Soil Compaction Danger Level is HIGH
March 31, 2015
Got Resident Geese?
March 31, 2015
Final 2015 Hay Production Workshop Scheduled for April 9
March 31, 2015
Assessing Alfalfa Stands
March 31, 2015
Grain Crop Marketing
March 31, 2015
If historical patterns have any value for understanding today; the seasonal corn prices of the past 24 years suggest the March through June time frame typically offers the best price levels for a marketing year.
Soils May Not be Processing Your Manure Leading to ‘Incidental Transfer’ to Streams
March 31, 2015
This time of year, manure piles are growing and pits are filling up snfarmers are anxious to get the manure spread before the busy planting season starts. But because most of the soil pores are continuously filled with water, infiltration capacity is low, and the threat of runoff high.
Weed Control in Wheat and Carrier Selection
March 31, 2015
Populations of winter annual weeds will become more prevalent in early April and can compete with wheat and barley and slow the rate of crop development potentially reducing yield. If winter annual weeds like common chickweed, henbit, purple deadnettle, horseweed, and others emerge with the small grain and are left unchecked, the potential impact on yield could be great.
Time to Check Your Poly Storage Tanks
March 31, 2015
Now that Old Man Winter has lost his firm grip on much of our area, one of the activities that will happen rather quickly this spring is the transfer and application of liquid fertilizer on the farm. Many farms take advantage of using polyethylene (poly) tanks for transportation, storage and application of fertilizers and chemicals.
Weather Report for March 31, 2015
March 31, 2015

February

Weather Outlook for February
February 3, 2015
February will have below normal temperatures with the potential for more storms.
Penn State Extension Welcomes a new Field and Forage Crops Team member
February 3, 2015
Jessica Williamson is the new Field and Forage Crop Extension Educator based out of Blair County.
2015-2016 Agronomy Guide Now Available
February 3, 2015
This nearly 400-page, wire-bound guide was prepared by Penn State extension specialists in agronomy, entomology, and plant pathology.
What’s New for Agronomic Weed Control: 2015
February 3, 2015
Here are some new products currently, or anticipated to be, available for the 2015 season along with label changes of some additional weed control products.
Melting Snow May Damage Perennial Crop
February 3, 2015
Winter weather plays a large role in how healthy your forage stands will look in April.
A Pennsylvania No-tiller’s Observations of Spanish Cereal Grain Production
February 3, 2015
What really caught my attention was that nearly every cultivated field was clearly being tilled, usually moldboard plowed, prior to planting.
Save the Date:
February 3, 2015
Penn State Scout School and Diagnostic Clinic Dates Set for 2015.
Contributors for February 3, 2015:
February 3, 2015

January

Soil Health Nutrient Tool Webinar Offered
January 6, 2015
The National Soil Survey Center, USDA-NRCS is offering a webinar to help explain the Soil Health Nutrient Tool. Presenters are Rick Haney and David Lamm.
Registration Now Open for Crops Conferences and Crops Days
January 6, 2015
Visit with industry professionals and Penn State Extension Specialists as they present latest findings from on-farm research in Pennsylvania at a series of one day seminars.
Winter Corn and Soybean Congress Set
January 6, 2015
Growers are invited to the join in as specialists from Cornell, Delaware Valley College, Penn State, and University of Pennsylvania’s New Bolton Center present cutting-edge information in the agronomy world on February 19th.
Contributors for January 6, 2015
January 6, 2015
Forage Variety Trials Report Available
January 6, 2015
Penn State has released performance data summary of alfalfa and cool-season forage grass variety trials conducted in 2014.
A Challenging Curing and Stripping Season
January 6, 2015
Pennsylvania tobacco growers battle high instances of mold as they cure and strip their 2014 crop
Soybean Performance Tests Online
January 6, 2015
The Pennsylvania Soybean Variety Trial summary has been released for trials conducted in Blair, Centre and Lancaster Counties.
Winter Limestone Application
January 6, 2015
Applying lime during winter months has some limitations.
Shelf Life of Silage Inoculants
January 6, 2015
Ways to preserve viability of silage inoculants during storage on the farm.
Weather Outlook for January
January 6, 2015
Weather Outlook for January – Snow and cold weather will continue with odds still in favor of a very cold period later this winter.