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Production

Information pertaining to the production of small grains in Pennsylvania.

Camelina (Camelina sativa L.) was first cultivated in northern Europe during the Bronze Age.

Canola’s origins date back to an oilseed crop called rapeseed, which was grown in the thirteenth century.

Canola’s origin dates back to an oilseed crop grown in the 13th century called rapeseed.

Grain/seed drills are important tools for establishment of grain and forage crops as well as cover crops. The seed delivery system in drills is not as precise as that used in planters because they use flutes or sponges to meter seed instead of seed singulation.

If the weather cooperates and you can get out into some wheat fields in February to look at the stand you have, there are some decisions you can make about how to manage it. This is most important for fields that were planted late or had minimal growth last fall.

Since rye is stored over the hot weather months before use, it has the potential for infestation and damage from insects.

Malting barley is a specific type of barley that differs from the feed barley commonly grown in the state. With the rapid growth of craft beer production, a demand for locally sourced malted barley has led to the development of malt houses in Pennsylvania and other states in our region. This fact sheet discusses some of the key practices involved in successful malting barley production in Pennsylvania.

Precut rye straw is a good alternative to conventional small grain straw since it is made in late spring and many crops can be planted after it's harvest. Rye straw is harvested with standard hay making equipment and is often brighter and longer that standard straw. This video describes the process of making rye straw, its advantages and challenges and economics.