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2015-2016 Short-lived Grass and Cover Crops Trial

Results of the Penn State 2015-2016 Short-lived Grass and Cover Crops Trial.
Annual Ryegrass (multi-cut)
Variety Species Dm
Yield t/ac
2-May
Dm
Yield t/ac
23-May
Dm
Yield t/ac
13-Jun
Dm
Yield t/ac
Total
First Cutting
CP%
First Cutting
NDFD 30
Second Cutting
CP%
Second Cutting
NDFD 30
Third Cutting
CP%
Third Cutting
NDFD 30
ME4* Ryegrass 3.66 1.12 1.55 6.34 14.7 77 20.8 84 14.7 56
Marshall Ryegrass 3.40 1.01 1.41 5.83 14.3 66 19.7 85 16.3 58
Meroa Italian 2.68 1.38 1.75 5.81 18.2 68 18.1 78 18.5 63
Centurion Ryegrass 3.05 1.04 1.57 5.65 14.7 69 20.5 85 14.3 58
Mckinley Ryegrass 3.03 1.00 1.58 5.61 15.4 66 23.2 88 14.1 54
Jackson Ryegrass 3.20 1.04 1.36 5.60 15.5 65 19.7 84 17.6 56
Bar LM 15427*
2.55 1.21 1.83 5.59 18.1 68 19.8 85 16.9 61
Allegro Italian 2.42 1.33 1.75 5.50 16 64 18 84 14.9 59
DLFPS-LWT27*
2.53 0.98 1.98 5.50 18.7 66 26.2 89 17.4 60
Bar LM 15425*
2.48 1.24 1.55 5.27 17.8 69 17.8 84 17.2 61
Attain Ryegrass 2.66 1.04 1.56 5.26 16.8 66 19.9 83 16 57
Bar LM 15426*
2.40 1.17 1.67 5.24 15.8 67 19.3 83 16.2 61
Grasshancer 100W Italian 2.85 0.88 1.48 5.22 15 63 21.6 86 14.4 55
Nelson Ryegrass 2.46 1.04 1.67 5.16 16.9 66 19.5 82 17.2 57
Bar LM 15371*
2.37 1.28 1.50 5.15 18.6 65 19.1 81 16 60
Fria Ryegrass 2.87 0.89 1.37 5.13 15.4 66 20.9 85 16.1 55
M2CVS*
2.70 1.07 1.33 5.11 15.1 64 19.5 84 15.6 58
PPG-LMT 102*
1.62 1.59 1.89 5.10 23.1 67 17.3 82 20.4 66
Kodiak Ryegrass 2.65 0.93 1.46 5.05 16.8 66 23.6 85 15.4 60
TetraPrime Italian 1.56 1.75 1.61 4.93 18.5 68 18.5 84 17 64
Barmultra II Italian 1.94 1.32 1.66 4.93 18.8 67 18.9 81 18.3 61
ME-94*
2.70 0.99 1.23 4.92 13.2 59 18.8 85 17.5 55
MO-1 Ryegrass 2.86 0.83 1.17 4.86 14.9 66 24.3 87 15.5 55
KoWinearly Italian 2.68 0.88 1.22 4.78 18 67 21.8 83 14.6 56
Kospeed Italian 2.78 0.84 1.11 4.73 19.3 59 19.9 82 16.3 56
Andes Ryegrass 2.07 0.97 1.55 4.59 17.6 70 26.3 89 18.5 61
PPG-TAR 113* cut 5/9, 6/6
1.88 1.75 N/A 3.63 17.3 64 14 69 NA NA
Mean
2.59 1.13 1.53 5.20 16.8 66 20.3 84 16.4 59
LSD (.05)
0.40 0.19 0.27 0.63





CV%
11.09 11.75 12.52 8.66





*Experimental varieties not currently marketed

Annual Ryegrass (single-cut)
Variety Species Cut date Dm T/A
Total
CP% NDFD 30
Centurion Ryegrass 13-May 5.06 12.5 77
BAR LM 15426*
13-May 4.42 13.3 74
Marshall Ryegrass 11-May 4.30 12.6 73
Jackson Ryegrass 11-May 4.21 13.4 72
Tetraprime Italian 16-May 4.06 17.3 76
Barmultra II Italian 13-May 3.83 14.7 73
Nelson Ryegrass 11-May 3.80 14.1 72
BAR LM 15427*
11-May 3.66 15.1 74
BAR LM 15425*
11-May 3.39 15.8 77
BAR LM 15371*
11-May 3.38 13.8 77
Mean

4.01 14.3 75
LSD (.05)

0.21

CV%

3.72

*Experimental varieties not currently marketed

CV = coefficient of variation
LSD = least significant difference

  • Planted September 18, 2015
  • Yields (tons per acre DM basis)
  • Grand Mean, CV and LSD values represent 27 total entries (multi-cut) and 10 total entries (single-cut).
  • Means are LSMeans derived from statistical analysis.
  • Rankings are based on total yields.
Short-Season Cereals
Variety Species Cut date DM
T/A
Total
CP% NDFD 30
505* Triticale 9-May 4.62 11.4 74
Trical 815 Triticale 6-May 4.15 15.5 77
504* Triticale 9-May 4.13 15.3 77
154 Triticale 2-May 4.03 14.7 69
Trical 336† Triticale 6-May 3.94 14.9 72
511* Triticale 9-May 3.93 14.7 74
501* Triticale 6-May 3.73 14.1 75
503* Triticale 11-May 3.67 13.2 76
Traction† Triticale 6-May 3.66 14.7 75
Hy Octane† Triticale 2-May 3.59 15.7 77
502* Triticale 2-May 3.39 17.2 80
Bolt Triticale 2-May 3.27 17.1 73
509* Triticale 2-May 2.94 17.4 79
Rye check VNS Rye 29-Apr 2.75 18.6 78
508* Triticale 2-May 2.62 15.2 73
512* Triticale 2-May 2.52 14.7 74
513* Triticale 9-May 2.46 12 74
510* Triticale 2-May 2.44 15.9 77
BCWR15WR1* Rye 29-Apr 2.24 21.1 81
Mean

3.54 15.4 75
LSD (.05)

0.41

CV%

8.32

*Experimental varieties not currently marketed.
†Entered twice in trial - yield and quality results shown are an average of the two outcomes.

CV = coefficient of variation
LSD = least significant difference

  • Planted September 18, 2015
  • Yields (tons per acre DM basis)
  • Grand Mean, CV and LSD values represent 22 total entries.
  • Means are LSMeans derived from statistical analysis.
  • Rankings are based on total yields.
Cover Crop Mixes (single-cut)
Variety Species Harvest
Date
DM
T/A
Total
CP% NDFD 30
Soil Builder Plus
Mix 2-May 3.69 18.7 79
FS Cover 2
Mix 9-May 3.11 14.4 56
Mean     3.41 16.6 68
LSD (.05)
    ns    
CV%     15.45    
Mixes/Clover/Hairy Vetch (multi-cut)
Variety Species Harvest
Dates
DM
Yield
t/a
cut 1
DM
Yield
t/a
cut 2
DM
Yield
t/a
cut 3
DM
Yield
t/a
cut
Total
1st
Cut
CP%
1st
Cut
NDFD 30
2nd
Cut
CP%
2nd
Cut
NDFD 30
3rd
Cut
CP%
3rd
Cut
NDFD 30
FS Cover 1
Mix 5/2, 5/23, 6/13
2.54 1.29 2.22 6.05 17 67 21.2 81 15.9 57
FS Cover 4
Mix 5/2, 5/23, 6/13 2.13 1.18 1.88 5.19 19.9 67 22.6 82 12.8 58
Purple Bounty
Hairy Vetch
5/13, 6/13
2.23 0.82 NA 3.05 23.8 71 23.5 69    
SunUp Clover 5/16, 6/13
1.27 0.87 NA 2.13 22.5 45 20 55    
FS Cover 3
Mix 5/16, 6/17
0.61 0.65 NA 1.25 25.7 59 19.2 64    
Border Clover 16-May 0.65 NA NA 0.65 24.4 70 NA NA    
Mean     1.57 0.96 2.05 3.05 22.2 63 21.3 84 14.35 58
LSD (.05)
    0.34 0.20 0.28 0.37            
CV%     14.25 13.33
5.96 7.79
           

CV = coefficient of variation
LSD = least significant difference

  • Planted September 18, 2015
  • Yields (tons per acre DM basis)
  • Grand Mean, CV and LSD values represent 22 total entries.
  • Means are LSMeans derived from statistical analysis.
  • Rankings are based on total yields.

Article Details

Title

2015-2016 Short-lived Grass and Cover Crops Trial

This publication is available in alternative media on request.

Contact Information

William Boone
  • Research Technologist 3
Email:
Phone: 814-692-7955