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Host Plants Used by Spotted Lanternfly

Posted: April 24, 2015

We get many questions about the host plants used by Spotted Lanternfly. In most of the articles about Spotted Lanternfly there are references to “over 65 host plants”.
Photo: Chuck Bargeron, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org: Tree of Heaven

Photo: Chuck Bargeron, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org: Tree of Heaven

Lawrence Barringer, from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, did a review of the research and made a chart that lists all the plants mentioned and whether they were associated with nymphs, adults, or egg masses. His chart is below. We have yet to see how many of these hosts are used in the US. At this point the most attractive plant and the plant people should use as a benchmark when looking for lanternflies is Ailanthus altissima (Tree of Heaven).

Information about host plants used by Spotted Lanternfly. "Degree of Damage" is a scale of 1-4, with 4 being the highest.
Host Plants Common Name Family Life Stage Utilized By Degree of Damage Confirmed Feeding Egg Laying PA Presence US Presence US Congeners
Actinidia
chinensis

Actinidiaceae nymph 3 Yes



Rhus
javanica

Anacardiaceae nymph 3 Yes


Yes
Rhus
verniciflua

Anacardiaceae nymph 2 Yes


Yes
Aralia
elata
Japanese angelica tree Araliaceae nymph 3 Yes
Yes Yes
Aralia
cordata

Araliaceae nymph 3 Yes



Metaplexis
japonica
Rough Potato asclepiadaceae nymph 1 Yes

Yes
Alnus
hirsuta

Betulaceae nymph 1 Yes


Yes
Betula
platyphylla
Asian White Birch Betulaceae adult 3 Yes Yes
Yes
Arctium
lappa
Greater Burdock Compositae nymph 2 Yes
Yes Yes
Quercus
aliena

Fagaceae nymph 2 Yes


Yes
Juglans
mandshurica
Manchurian Walnut Juglandaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes


Yes
Juglans
nigra
Black Walnut Juglandaceae nymph 2 Yes

Yes
Juglans
sinensis

Juglandaceae nymph 1 Yes


Yes
Pterocarya
stenoptera
Chinese Wingnut Juglandaceae nymph 1 Yes

Yes
Maackia
amurensis
Maackia Leguminosae nymph 1 Yes

Yes
Magnolia
obovata

Magnoliaceae nymph 2 Yes


Yes
Magnolia
kobus
Kobus magnolia Magnoliaceae nymph 1 Yes
Yes Yes
Cedrela
fissilis

Meliaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes



Toona
sinensis

Meliaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Toona
sinensis
'flamingo'

Meliaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes


Yes
Morus
alba
White Mulberry Moraceae nymph 2 Yes
Yes Yes
Morus
bombycis

Moraceae nymph 2 Yes


Yes
Rosa
hybrida

Rosaceae nymph 1 Yes


Yes
Rosa
multiflora
Multiflora Rose Rosaceae nymph 2 Yes
Yes Yes
Rosa
rugosa

Rosaceae nymph 2 Yes


Yes
Rubus
crataegifolius

Rosaceae nymph 2 Yes


Yes
Sorbus
commixta

Rosaceae nymph 1 Yes



Sorbaria
sorbifolia
False spiraea Rosaceae nymph 2 Yes
Yes Yes
Evodia
danielii

Rutaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes Yes


Phellodendron
amurense
Amur Corktree Rutaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes
Yes Yes
Populus
koreana

Saliaceae adult 2 Yes


Yes
Philadelphus
schrenkii

Saxifragaceae nymph 2 Yes



Picrasma
quassioides
nigaki? Simaroubaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes



Ailanthus
altissima

Simaroubaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Firmiana
simplex
Chinese Parasoltree Sterculiaceae nymph 2 Yes

Yes
Styrax
obassia

Styracaceae adult, nymph 1 Yes


Yes
Styrax
japonica

Styracaceae adult, nymph 2 Yes
Yes Yes
Angelica
dahurica

Umbelliferae nymph 1 Yes


Yes
Parthenocissus
quinquefolia
Virginia Creeper Vitaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes
Yes Yes
Vitis
amurensis
Amur Grape Vitaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes


Yes
Vitis
vinifera
Wine Grape Vitaceae adult, nymph 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Salix
sp.
Willow Saliaceae

Yes Yes Yes Yes
Melia
azedarach
China Berry Tree Meliaceae

Yes
Very Likely Yes
Robinia
pseudoacacia
Black Locust Fabaceae

Yes
Yes Yes
Malus
sp.
Apple Rosaceae

Yes
Yes Yes
Pyrus
calleryana
Pear Rosaceae



Yes Yes
Hibiscus
syriacus
Rose of Sharon Malvaceae



Yes Yes
Malus
pumila
Paradise Apple Rosaceae



Yes Yes
Pinus
densiflora
Japanese Red Pine Pinaceae

Yes


Yes
Platanus
orientalis
Orientalplane Tree Platanaceae





Yes
Populus
tomentiglandulosa

Saliaceae


Yes

Yes
Prunus
mume

Rosaceae

Yes


Yes
Prunus
persica

Rosaceae

Yes


Yes
Prunus
salicina
Japanese Plum Rosaceae

Yes


Yes
Castanea
crenata
Japanese Chestnut Fagaceae


Yes
Yes
Acer
saccharinum
Silver Maple Aceraceae

Yes
Yes Yes
Acer
palmatum
Japanese Maple Aceraceae

Yes Yes Yes Yes
Cornus
officinalis
Asiatic Dogwood Cornaceae

Yes


Yes
Cornus
kousa
Kousa Dogwood Cornaceae

Yes

Yes
Cornus
controversa
Giant Dogwood Cornaceae

Yes


Yes
Elaeagnus
umbellata
Autumn Olive Oleaceae

Yes
Yes Yes
Pinus
strobus
Eastern White Pine Pinaceae



Yes Yes
Zelkova
serrata
Japanese Zelkova Ulmaceae


Yes Yes Yes
Populus
alba
White Poplar Saliaceae


Yes Yes Yes
Prunus
serrulata
Japanese Flowering Cherry Rosaceae


Yes
Yes
Prunus
yedoensis
Hybrid Cherry Rosaceae


Yes

Yes
Syringa
vulgaris
Common Lilac Oleaceae


Yes Yes Yes
Quercus
acutissima

Fagaceae



Yes Yes
Acer
Rubrum

Sapindaceae adult

Yes Yes Yes
Prunus
Serotina

Rosaceae adult

Yes Yes Yes
Platanus
occidentalis

Platanaceae adult

Yes Yes Yes
Lirodendron
tulipfera

Magnoliaceae adult

Yes Yes Yes
Quercus
prinus

Fagaceae adult

Yes Yes Yes
Fagus
grandifolia

Fagaceae adult

Yes Yes Yes
Salix
matsudana

Saliaceae adult
Yes
Yes Yes
Salix
udensis

Saliaceae adult
Yes
Yes Yes
Vitis
sp.
Wild Vitis Vitaceae adult
Yes
Yes Yes
Mallotus japonicus

Euphorbiaceae







References

  • Kim et al 2011
  • Lee et al 2009
  • Park et al 2009
  • Yang et al 2014