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Gladiolus Diseases

Informational table showing disease name, symptoms, pathogen/cause, and management of Gladiolus diseases.
Disease Symptoms Pathogen/Cause Management
Botrytis Blight Brown spots that may have reddish margins develop on leaves. Spots can be very small to over 1/2 inch in diameter. Similar spots on stems become soft and rot in wet weather. Small, clear spots on petals become brown. A neck rot may occur at the soil line. Small black granules (sclerotia) form on the surface of the infected corms. Botrytis gladiolorum Do not plant infected corms. Purchase corms that were treated with hot water and fungicides. Apply a fungicide to protect plants.
Curvularia Leaf Spot Long, rectangular spots on leaves are tan with a brown margin and yellow halo. Concentric rings form within the enlarging spots. Corms rot. Curvularia trifolli f. sp. gladioli Do not plant infected corms. Plant in pasteurized soil. Apply a fungicide to protect plants.
Fusarium Yellows Roots have brown spots or general rot. Older leaves yellow. Flower size, shape and color may be abnormal. Flowers may not develop while stalks are curved in an S-shape. Corms rot from the center outward. Oval, sunken spots on the corm surface are brown and may have concentric rings. Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. gladioli Do not plant infected corms. Maintain a soil pH of 6.6-7.0 and use nitrate as the nitrogen source when fertilizing.
Nematodes Root system is small. Plants are stunted and flower late. Galls may form at nodes. Fusarium yellows may be severe. Meloidognye, Pratylenchus, Trichodorus, Belonolaimus, Ditylenchus, Hemicyliophora, Rotylenchus Plant in soil that has been steamed or chemically pasteurized. Maintain good weed control.
Scab Brown, round, sunken areas with raised edges are on corms. A soft rot of the neck develops. Pseudomonas marginata Do not plant infected corms. Disinfest cutting knives frequently. Maintain good mite and insect control. Water in a manner that keeps leaf surfaces dry. Avoid working on wet plants.
Stemphylium Leaf Spot Small, round yellow spots have a distinct reddish center when held up to the light. Mature leaves have the most spotting. Stemphylium botryosum Apply a fungicide to protect plants.
Stromatinia Dry Rot Corm scales are brown and may appear shredded. Small reddish-brown spots on the surface of the corm can be removed, leaving a clean, shallow, sunken area. Corms are dry, hard, and mummified. Clusters of plants are killed by neck rot. Stromatinia gladioli Do not plant infected corms. Purchase corms that have been treated with hot water and fungicides. Plant in soil that has been pasteurized. If infection is noted after planting, Apply a fungicide to protect plants.
Viruses Flowers are small, distorted or have color breaking. Leaf tissue may be mottled, have white flecks, or reddish blotches. Bean yellow mosaic, cucumber mosaic, tomato ringspot, tobacco ringspot. Maintain good insect control. Plant in pasteurized soil free of nematodes and weeds. Destroy infected plants as soon as they are found.

Fusarium yellows
Fusarium yellows.

Scab
Scab.

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Cucumber mosaic virus symptoms on leaves and flowers
Cucumber mosaic virus symptoms on leaves and flowers.

Prepared by Gary W. Moorman, Professor of Plant Pathology

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Gladiolus Diseases

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