On many farms or orchards, bird damage is minimal and growers choose to ignore the problem or just take the loss from birds into account as a management cost.
Various mammal species can cause damage to fruit trees and shrubs. Rabbits and rodents such as mice and voles will damage the twigs, bark, and roots of plants if given the opportunity.
Wildlife damage can be reduced and maintained at a tolerable level if the species causing damage is properly identified and control methods are implemented before a damage pattern is established. Anticipation of potential problems is the key to effective damage control.