In the United States, the number of children under the age of 17 living in non-English language households increased from 28% to 32% between 2004 and 2013 (Child Trends 2014). In two-thirds of these homes, Spanish is the language spoken—about 16 million children. Other dual language learners come from homes that speak Indo-European languages like French, German, Russian, Hindi, Asian, or Pacific Island languages. Children who learn more than one language are a diverse group. Dual language learners may be recent immigrants or have parents who are recent immigrants. As infants and toddlers, dual language learners may learn more than one language simultaneously. As older children, dual language learners may learn English after acquiring proficiency in their native language.
For the first time in its 35-year history, the Northeast Organic Faming Association of New York (NOFA-NY) adds a significant new dimension to its 2017 Organic Farming & Gardening Winter Conference, Long Live the Farmer: Diversity & Biodiversity. From January 20-22, this year’s event features a “conference within a conference”: the first Northeast Organic Seed Conference: Owning Our Own Seed.
Pennsylvania will host organic farmers from throughout the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast to learn from internationally renowned organic and sustainable agriculture experts at the third annual Growing Pennsylvania’s Organic Farms Conference Dec. 13 and 14 in Harrisburg. (Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture)
Penn State Extension is offering a hands-on workshop on simplified rules for pruning apple trees. The program is for orchard owners and pruning employees. Concurrent trainings will be held in English and Spanish.
Plan to attend one of the pre-conference workshops, held on January 30th, the day before the 2017 Mid-Atlantic Fruit and Vegetable Convention begins.
Field Notes highlights upcoming activities, AT spotlight about utility vehicles, and our latest events.
Early Intervention: Support Infants and Toddlers; Understanding Poverty: Strategies for Family Engagement
This festive time of year can be a challenge to even the most disciplined person, but they can be extra challenging for those with diabetes.
A new Sustainable Agriculture Educator, Megan Chawner, joined Penn State Extension in Lehigh and Northampton counties the beginning of December.
There is a mystery surrounding rapid apple decline/sudden apple decline of young, dwarf apple trees. For the last several years, there have been many reports in Pennsylvania and, most recently, in the Northeast and states south about unusual sudden decline of young, dwarf apple trees.
Why do we wait so long to learn about our ancestors, the histories behind the lives of our families? Recording oral histories now is one way we can preserve these histories.
Sanitation is the best offense for disease management, especially when it comes to canker removal.
Future climate change scenarios predict warmer and wetter conditions across Pennsylvania which raises concerns for increased occurrence of flooding. Pennsylvania Sea Grant and a host of partners have been helping coastal communities along the Delaware River to prepare for the flooding and extreme heat expected with future climate change.
Following a meeting Wednesday of the Commonwealth Drought Task Force, the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) announced no changes in county drought declarations, despite recent precipitation. Conditions will continue to be monitored, with drought declarations reassessed when the task force meets again in two weeks
A new, web-based interactive tool has been developed to increase access to the Department of Interior (DOI) Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration (NRDAR) Program information.
Water and atmospheric processes are inseparable. Now, there is a supercomputer model that couples climate and hydrodynamic factors for the Great Lakes region. The new model will be useful for climate predictions, habitat modeling for invasive species, oil spill mitigation and other environmental research.
The Penn State Extension Water Resources Team has released a new “LearnNow” video on Protecting Your Water Well. LearnNow videos are short, narrated PowerPoint presentations that are new learning tool being utilized by Penn State Extension.
Naturally occurring chemicals found in road salts commonly used to de-ice paved surfaces can alter the sex ratios in nearby frog populations, a phenomenon that could reduce the size and viability of species populations, according to a new study.
For years, public health experts have warned against eating certain kinds of fish, including tuna, that tend to accumulate mercury. Still, tuna consumption provides more mercury to U.S. consumers than any other source. But recently, as industry cuts down on its mercury emissions, research has found mercury concentrations in some fish are dropping. The latest study, published in Environmental Science & Technology, reports that this is the case for prized Atlantic bluefin tuna.
According to the US Energy Information Administration, natural gas-fired electricity generation in the United States is expected to reach a record level this year, providing an average of 3.8 million megawatthours per day in 2016, or 4% higher than in 2015. Large scale power plants are being commissioned in the region, but smaller scale power plants are finding a niche in the market as well.