A paper written by Food Science undergraduate, Virginia Smith, discusses the effects of cold stability on wine, how to analyze for tartrate stability, and various products used for cold stabilization purposes. A good read for any winemakers that battle with cold stability issues.
The holiday meal is over. You are ready to relax. You just want to sit down and visit with your guests. Wait! Not quite yet! If you take this route, you will likely end up with some uninvited guests—bacteria that love to grow at room temperature.
It has been getting chillier at night. Winter will soon be here and when that happens, temperatures drop considerably and can cause freezing water issues both indoors and out. So here are some tips to help you avoid common problems in winter and hopefully prevent frustration for you, your pets, your livestock and the wild birds that you may like to feed.
As many of you are probably well aware, chronic wasting disease (CWD) was confirmed in a captive deer at a commercial deer farm in Adams County in October, 2012. A second deer from the same herd as also tested positive for CWD. Chronic wasting disease is a fatal disease that attacks the brain and nervous system of infected deer (also elk and moose). It is transmitted by direct animal to animal contact and also between infected deer and the environment and other deer.
A unique source of natural gas found in 'frozen water'?
As the production portion of our NE-1020 project has come to a close, now is the time that we focus on basic wine chemistries. A series of data is collected on every fermented variety so that we can compare the chemical composition of that variety across several harvest years.
Did you know that one-quarter of all U.S. homes have septic systems? Yours may be one of them. If you’re not properly maintaining your septic system, you’re not only hurting the environment, you’re putting your family’s health at risk—and may be flushing thousands of dollars down the drain! EPA’s SepticSmart initiative is a nation-wide public education effort that aims to inform homeowners living on properties serviced by septic systems on the importance of properly maintaining their septic system and provide valuable resources to help homeowners make important decisions regarding their wastewater management needs. The initiative also provides resources for outreach organizations and government leaders who seek promote this message locally.
Penn State Extension worked with the Headwaters Resource Conservation and Development Council and the Clearfield Conservation District to implement a Colcum Foundation Grant in eight counties in North Central Pennsylvania. The project was geared toward low to moderate income residents to assist them in obtaining pre-gas well drilling, chain of custody, water test reports.
Equipment is expensive but often can pay for itself quickly if you get the right piece for your farm. We would like to share a few considerations and tips we have learned through a recent equipment demonstration at the Seed Farm New Farmer Training and Incubator Program in Emmaus, PA as well as from our wonderful farmer neighbors and a few good resources. This is the second of three articles.
Jerky is meat that has been salted, seasoned, and dried until most of the moisture is removed. A pound of meat weighs about four ounces after being made into jerky. Because of its very low moisture content, it can be stored for several weeks without refrigeration and is suitable for school lunches and backpacking. It is popular as a snack.
Meadow and pine vole populations can erupt periodically unless food sources and habitat cover are reduced and their numbers are kept in check. Control of vegetation around tree trunks and regular mowing limit cover and food sources and expose voles to natural predators. Population reduction strategies are applied after harvest before damage begins and before snowfall. To successfully manage deer damage, it is important to monitor behavior and apply controls before feeding or antler rubbing habits are established.
For those fortunate hunters who bag a deer in the upcoming season, a food-safety specialist in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences offers some advice for field dressing and storing the carcass properly and processing the meat.
Zaprionus indianus Gupta (Diptera: Drosophilidae), commonly known in Brazil as the African Fig Fly (AFF), is an invasive species recently found in Pennsylvania for the first time. First discovered by the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture in early October in Grape and Tomato Pest Survey traps, it was found immediately after by Dr David Biddinger at the Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center in Biglerville. Adult flies were found in apple cider vinegar traps used for the seasonal monitoring of Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD), another recently introduced invasive pest of small fruit crops in Pennsylvania that Dr. Biddinger first detected in Pennsylvania and Maryland in July of 2012.
An economical and ecological way to collect rain water is to install a rain garden. Properly established, these gardens manage storm water runoff at a fraction of the cost of standard methods and beautify your yard at the same time.
3rd Quarter TMR is up and can be accessed by clicking the above link. Dr. Jacobson's comments: Not much change since last quarter but if since housing starts and renovations are on the rise we should start to see the market pick up. I am hearing that sales are competitive reflecting mills wanting to start stocking up for increasing demand.
The Botvin LifeSkills Training Middle School program is a groundbreaking substance abuse and violence prevention program based on more than 30 years of rigorous scientific research and is one of the most effective evidence-based programs used in schools today.
Forest area increased 1% since 2006 but issues loom on the horizon.
Safe preservation of venison begins in the field.
The holiday season is upon us! That means family gatherings, holiday parties and community events centered around delicious seasonal foods. The last thing anyone wants is to have a loved one develop a foodborne illness because of a favorite food they ate. Unfortunately, if you are not careful foodborne illness can be an uninvited guest during the holidays.
The streets of New Brighton’s commercial district will soon have a unique new addition to their storm drains.