Feed costs are the major cash expense in any sheep operation. Keeping feed costs low while still supplying the necessary nutrients to keep the flock healthy should be the goal of every shepherd.
Penn State Extension will offer a Web-based seminar providing guidance for municipalities on how to enhance vehicular, bicycle and pedestrian connectivity.
The last thing on your mind right now, in the midst of a harvest season, might be soil fertility. At this point you either planned correctly for crop needs or are suffering the consequences. But, it is also an excellent time to asses nutrient needs and begin to build soil fertility.
Penn State Extension Poultry Specialist Phil Clauer describes some considerations for small scale poultry.
The Allegheny woodrat is a rare Pennsylvania native associated with rocky habiats
I'm an armored scale insect in the family Diaspididae. I do not secrete honeydew.
As the dog days of summer bear down on us, shady areas of the landscape are prime locations to hang-out
Abundant mid- to late summer bloom – a time when many woody plants are long done flowering – makes Japanese pagodatree a valuable addition to the landscape. Don’t let its tongue-twisting new botanical name put you off – you know this tree as Sophora japonica.
You may not have seen many of the adult beetles, but conditions were ideal during egg-laying.
Corn earworm is spiking in southeastern counties, and rising elsewhere. In southeastern counties, 3-4 day spray thresholds are being reached. Fall armyworm is also showing up, and Brown marmorated stink bug can invade fields at this time.
There is no other creature like it. It strikes fear and terror in your mind. Rarely, but memorably, you may have crossed paths with one.
Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris) is an annual that can be found during the winter and summer.
Have you ever experienced strange colors or smells in your pond or seen them in a lake? Have you ever wondered what might have caused them? Cyanobacteria, often called blue-green algae, are bacteria that are found naturally in lakes, ponds, and slow-moving streams.
Cover crops can slow erosion, improve soil, smother weeds, enhance nutrient and moisture availability, help control many pests, and bring a host of other benefits to farms across the country. For more than 20 years, NCR-SARE has supported projects by researchers, producers, and educators who are using this time-tested method of revitalizing soil, curbing erosion, and managing pests.
A look at how natural gas is priced and how market changes affects pricing. Part 2 of a 2-part series
At this stage in the season, commercially available traps and lures for brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) monitoring could provide valuable information to decide if insecticide treatments are needed. Last week (week of Aug 5th), in some traps monitored by our entomology program, we collected over 50 BMSB nymphs and adults per trap. The second generation of codling moth (CM), the third generation Oriental fruit moth and second generations of tufted apple bud moth and obliquebanded leafroller are continuing their flights in most Pennsylvania pome fruit orchards. As the season progresses and the trees become larger, often the volume of used water per acre should be increased. Even the most efficacious pest management products will not work if the spray coverage is not sufficient.
Research trials have shown that applying 3 split applications of ½ rate of ReTain starting 2 to 3 weeks before harvest with subsequent treatments applied 2 to 2.5 weeks apart are equal to or better than other approaches. One single application of ReTain made at the full rate will satisfactorily retard drop for about 35 days in normal years. After that, drop starts to increase and a supplemental application will be necessary to extend the drop control period. Experience in your orchard will be a good guide in assembling the pieces necessary to come up with a good drop control plan.
When it is hot outside working in a “cool” environment, like your refrigerator, may be an appealing task. An organized and clean refrigerator may save you money! Clean refrigerators work more efficiently and organized refrigerators may mean less “loss” from throwing out expired or old food. Plus a clean refrigerator may prevent the risk of foodborne illness.
Outbreaks of late blight are continuing to be reported across PA and the Northeast region of the U.S.
Downy mildew has now been confirmed on cucumber, cantaloupe and butternut squash in Pennsylvania.