I tend to record and track numbers, but have difficulty making sense of patterns or developing conclusions from a spreadsheet filled with figures.
Today is a rainy day in Happy Valley. The rain started last night and is expected to last throughout the day with bouts of very intense precipitation.
Some reasons for reducing sugar in canning are flavor preferences for less sweetness, reduced calories, and special dietary restrictions. While sugar helps fruits keep their bright color and firm texture, it is not necessary to prevent fruit from spoiling. It is possible to can fruits with little or no added sugar. Most pickles and relishes and jams and jellies still need sugar for the proper consistency, but a few new recipes have been developed for low or no sugar products.
Low concentrations of 51 different contaminants, including pharmaceuticals, hormones and organic wastewater compounds, were detected in streams and streambed sediments throughout Pennsylvania. In addition to the types and concentrations of contaminants, likely contaminant sources as well as potential impact on aquatic life are discussed.
Last month Gayle Ganser, co-owner of Eagle Point Farm, shared tips to farm market success from good signage to managing customer flow at a meeting for farm apprentices hosted by the Collaborative Regional Alliance for Farmer Training (CRAFT) in collaboration with Penn State Extension, Start Farming.
Last week I attended the organic vegetable twilight meeting at the Long Island Research Center for Cornell Cooperative Extension. Dr. Meg McGrath is a key researcher for organic plant disease management in the Northeast and I wanted to see the sites “in vivo.”
The price of gasoline is creeping up as we head into the fall. What factors affect the price of gas at the pumps?
Have you ever been in these situations? You are filling jars with hot crushed tomatoes and have just a little left over. You evenly distribute the extra tomatoes between each jar filling nearly to the top thinking it is good economics. Maybe it isn’t. If jars are filled too full, food may boil out during processing and solids or seeds may catch under the sealing compound and prevent the jar from sealing.
This school year, the nutrition guidelines have changed for school lunches. The United State Department of Agriculture oversees the nutrition of school lunches. This year USDA is focusing more on whole grains, fruits, and vegetables along with low-fat or non-fat milk; and less sodium and fat.
A few months ago, a group of community leaders started talking about the challenge of creating affordable internet access for everyone.
As many PA winemakers know, the 2012 harvest season is upon us. Harvest has also started for the Penn State's NE-1020 variety trial research project led by Dr. Rob Crassweller. This year, 10 varieties are being fermented and chemically analyzed. These wines will be featured at the 2013 PA Wine Marketing & Research Board Research Summit at University Park, PA. You can follow more NE-1020 project updates on Facebook by liking the "Penn State Extension Enology" page.
This year's WPSU Wine Festival, hosted at the Penn Stater at University Park, PA will feature several Pennsylvania wineries and include a seminar on Pennsylvania wine. Please click the link for more information on the WPSU Wine Festival.
October and November are the best months to make sauerkraut. Cabbage grown in cool weather produces more sugar which is necessary for the fermentation process. Sauerkraut is the result of natural fermentation by bacteria in the cabbage in the presence of 2 to 3 percent salt. Lactic acid and other minor products of fermentation give sauerkraut its characteristic flavor and texture.
Expect three more days of mainly clear skies and a steady warming trend.
As we wind down the corn and bean season there are a few disease issues that come to the forefront.
Bean leaf beetle and brown marmorated stink bug remain the most relevant late season insect pest species in soybeans, though neither is well represented in our sentinel fields (see accompanying article in this issue of Field Crop News).
In early August 2012, a horse owner in the Northern Allegheny County reported a neurologic condition in her horse believed to be caused by the ingestion of a weed.
We continue to get reports of arrested ears from around the state but some of the most common are here in Centre County.
The Sentinel Plot Program funded by the Pennsylvania Soybean Board is winding down for this year.