Sustainability planning offers non-profit and other community organizations a useful framework for thriving in difficult time
Is there a connection between calcium, vitamin D and diabetes? Researchers are investigating the effects of these two important nutrients and how they might play a role in diabetes prevention.
To keep bones strong, we need to eat and drink calcium-rich foods daily to replace calcium used in our bodies. Calcium is also needed for other important body functions. It helps blood to clot and is needed to release insulin that maintains blood sugar levels. Calcium also is necessary for vitamin B12 to be absorbed.
Our weekly observations revealed very high numbers of brown marmorated stink bug nymphs and adults feeding on soybean and corn plants in the vicinity of fruit orchards. Observations at older soybean plants (i.e., plants with pods and new beans), especially around field borders next to woods, revealed thousands of brown marmorated stink bug late nymphs and adults. Also, available traps and lures utilizing stink bug aggregation pheromone are capturing high numbers of all brown marmorated stink bug stages. Late season generations of codling moth represent a continuous challenge for all our fruit. Due to discrepancies observed between the predictive codling moth egg hatch model and the actual situation in the orchards, we strongly recommend the use of actual observations from an orchard as the main factor in deciding if and/or when the control measures are necessary. The Oriental fruit moth (OFM) continues to injure apple and peach fruit. Some loads of fruit were already rejected by local processors for the presence of live larvae in the fruit.
If your well was flooded after the recent visit by Hurricane Irene - or any other high water event, there are some steps you should take to ensure the safety of your water supply.
Fuel use is a difficult thing for orchardists to predict or manage, especially when you are looking at trying new planting systems or management schedules. As a result, it is tough to know in advance if various changes would pay off or not - especially in this era of high fuel costs.
The Conewago Creek Conservation Initiative is Pennsylvania’s ‘Discovery Watershed’, a place to target resources and test approaches to improve water quality. This article discusses using surveys as a tool to initially describe the context for conservation efforts, then assess the effectiveness of these efforts and describe preliminary results from the initial survey.
Considerations when the landman calls and is interested in leasing your land.
The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) continues to represent an unprecedented threat to our apple crop. The incessant feeding of growing nymphs and maturing adults poses a significant economic risk to maturing fruit as each probing or feeding by BMSB eventually results in a visible injury. A single BMSB adult or nymph in the orchard can potentially cause injury to many fruit. Another complicating element is the fact that fresh injuries from stink bug feeding are initially almost undetectable, but after only a few days, the injury can become very apparent. Since their actual feeding occurs under the skin of the fruit, it is only after the affected cells start drying that the symptoms of their feeding (i.e., corking) become visible (see picture). Also, since no fungal pathogens are transmitted during BMSB feeding, the affected area remains dry and no decay is observed. If BMSB feeding occurs just prior to harvest, it is quite possible that affected fruit will exhibit no visible signs of injury, but the characteristic depression on the fruit surface will develop after a period of time in storage.
Feed efficiency is increasingly important during times of high input and low output costs.
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Misunderstandings lead to misuse of this valuable product.
Discussion on the various elements of cow-centered housing
Study looks at benefits and costs that treating sick calves have on milk production
Scientists from around the world shared research at annual meeting in New Orleans.
The movement of summer brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) adults from outside hosts into orchards (or other crops) and associated deposition of new eggs slowly is becoming the most important source of new infestation in orchards. While the nymphal feeding can be reduced by effective and well-timed insecticide treatments, the feeding by continuously wandering BMSB adults is very difficult to control. With about 8 more weeks of the current growing season to go (depending on cultivar), it is extremely important that growers plan ahead with the choice of products utilized against BMSB, and preserve the most effective options, with the shortest PHI, for applications when the pressure from this pest will increase, especially in the later part of the season. The codling moth (CM) second and possibly third generation moths are actively flying in most Pennsylvania orchards. These late season generations represent a continuous challenge for all our fruit. It is still a good time to continue to control the second generations of tufted apple bud moth and obliquebanded leafroller. Although the numbers of Oriental fruit moth (OFM) observed in pheromone traps located at the Penn State Fruit Research and Extension Center continue to remain at a low level, from now on we expect to see a continuous flight of OFM. Similarly as with the CM, please use the actual local orchard observations (e.g., pheromone trap data and/or fruit injuries from earlier generation) as the main factor deciding about the necessity for OFM control.
Going green on your horse farm is not difficult or expensive. You may already be doing environmentally friendly methods of horse-keeping and just need to make some adjustments. This is part 2 of a two part series.
Learn more about the ShaleNET Grant and opportunities it provides.
On Aug 17, 2011 late blight was confirmed in a commercial tomato field in Northumberland Co., PA. Foliar symptoms were observed in one small corner of the field following extensive scouting.
Outbreaks on cucumber, cantaloupe, pumpkin are being reported daily in the states surrounding PA.