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Habitat Management

Wildlife habitat is the physical environment where an animal lives and that provides the necessities of life.

You can think of it as an animal’s home address. Within its habitat, an animal can find the food, water, shelter and space that it needs to survive. Broad habitat types in Pennsylvania include forests, farmlands and agricultural lands, wetlands and streams, and cities and suburban areas. The types of wildlife you find will differ by habitat type and by habitat quality.

Habitat management involves manipulating the types, amount, or arrangement of food, water and cover within a habitat for the purpose of making the habitat more suitable for a specific species or group or species. Whether you own hundreds of acres of land or less than an acre, you can manage your land to improve the habitat for Pennsylvania’s wildlife  For more information on habitat management see the information listed under the specific habitats on the left.

Both the general habitat type and the specific features of the habitat help to determine the wildlife species found in an area. Learn about some of the most important wildlife-habitat relationships to help you determine which species may be present on your property and how to improve the habitat for certain types of species.

By enhancing wildlife habitat on your property, you can improve the habitat quality for wildlife while increasing wildlife viewing and recreational opportunities.

This fact sheet explains the use of dead wood and cavity trees by various forms of wildlife. It also provides management considerations for harvesting dead wood.

Vernal ponds are temporary wetlands that fill after the snowfall each spring. This fact sheet focuses on recognition, ecological importance, and protection of vernal ponds.

Riparian buffers protect water quality by intercepting sediment and pollution from agricultural fields, residential lawns, roadways, and other sources. This improves habitat for aquatic wildlife while providing food, cover, water, and breeding areas for many other kinds of wildlife. This fact sheet provides the information you will need to create an effective riparian buffer for wildlife while protecting water quality for everyone.

This fact sheet gives you information on how to improve habitat quality for cottontail rabbits by providing them with the necessary food and cover.

Webinars on Pennsylvania wildlife and the habitats on which they depend.