Vertical flow wetlands (VFW) are a relatively new tool for treating waters acidified by mining or acid deposition. VFWs in the Mosquito Creek Watershed Restoration Project, located in Elk and Clearfield counties, are used as examples to describe this water treating tool.
A brief introduction and instructional guide to using live staking as an inexpensive and simple technique to restoring eroding stream banks.
Limestone sand has come into wide use in the treatment of waters acidified by acid rain or acid mine drainage. Its low cost makes it especially attractive, particularly at remote sites.
Groundwater is an important source of water for households, businesses, industries, and farms across Pennsylvania. Unfortunately, human overuse and contamination is increasingly threatening groundwater. This information will help you understand where groundwater comes from, how it is used, and how the future use of groundwater in Pennsylvania is at risk.