Information on fishery ponds in Pennsylvania, Aquaculture, how to control birds at aquaculture facilities, and common causes for fish kills.
Fishing is an important use of private ponds throughout Pennsylvania. In fact, a recent survey of pond owners found that 56 percent use their pond primarily for recreational fishing. The widespread interest in pond fishing leads to many questions about proper management of pond fisheries. This fact sheet describes some simple methods for fisheries management, including strategies to resolve common fish problems.
The type of aquaculture operation that you begin will be influenced by your financial and labor resources as well as available markets.
The open-water areas and large concentrations of fish at aquaculture facilities appear to be a virtual smorgasbord for wildlife that eat fish, including birds. This fact sheet identifies birds that have caused problems at Pennsylvania facilities and discusses a wide variety of damage control methods. It includes a listing of control materials and suppliers.
The grass carp, or white amur (Ctenopharyngodon idella) is a large member of the minnow family. Grass carp have been intentionally released into the waterways of at least 35 states as a means of biological aquatic vegetation control.
Fish kills are common in many ponds. This article describes common reasons for fish kills in different seasons.
Whether for aesthetics or for fishing pleasure, most pond owners are interested in stocking and managing fish. Dozens of fish species are suitable for stocking in Pennsylvania ponds, but some species are usually more successful than others.
This publication provides general information on all aspects of pond construction and maintenance. Details of planning, designing, and constructing a pond are all covered, as are water quality and testing, controlling aquatic plants and algae, and fish management.
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This quick exercise will help you to determine the Proportional Stock Density (PSD) for your pond to help in managing the bass and bluegill population.