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Private Wells

Information on what to do before drilling a well, how to drill a well, how to use your well, and how to fix your well. There is also advice for low-yielding wells and tips on how to locate a water well using fracture trace mapping.

When the decision is finally made to try to utilize groundwater as a water supply for domestic use, livestock and farmstead demands or irrigation, it is important that certain procedures be followed to insure a clean, reliable, productive well.

A guide for private well owners on proper well location and construction.

Water wells require regular maintenance to ensure adequate water flow and continued drinking water safety. Water wells should also be inspected annually for obvious signs of damage or contamination.

The most important features missing from most private wells are a sanitary well cap and a grout seal. These components are required by most states because they help protect groundwater by sealing the well from potential surface contamination.

A variety of methods are typically used to locate groundwater wells in Pennsylvania. For individual homes, where relatively small amounts of water are needed, wells are usually drilled where a tall drill rig can get access close to the house and far from the home septic system.

There are several steps that can be used to increase the adequacy of a low-yielding well.

This information is condensed from U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency publications.