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Cisterns and Springs

How to safeguard, design, and treat water cisterns and springs. Information on how to prevent bacteria from contaminating your drinking water.

Roof-catchment cisterns are systems used to collect and store rainwater for household and other uses. Such systems basically consist of a house roof, or catchment, and a storage tank, or cistern.

Springs occur wherever groundwater flows out from the earth’s surface. Springs typically occur along hillsides, low-lying areas, or at the base of slopes.

Techniques on how to construct wells and springs to minimize the possibility of harmful microorganisms entering water supplies. Read about other measures that will help keep drinking water biologically safe.

Roadside springs are pervasive across many parts of Pennsylvania. Residents seek out these springs when traveling or to avoid the use of aesthetically inferior private or public water sources that supply their home.