Learn more about watersheds and how they work. Contamination, steps to prevent it, and how to restore waterways that are already damaged. Youth publications are available in this collection as well.
Vertical flow wetlands (VFW) are a relatively new tool for treating waters acidified by mining or acid deposition. This fact sheet briefly describes VFWs with examples from Mosquito Creek Watershed Restoration Project in Elk and Clearfield counties.
Limestone sand (Figure 1) has come into wide use in the treatment of waters acidified by acid rain or acid mine drainage. Its low cost makes it especially attractive, particularly at remote sites.
This four-page, full-color publication explores the water cycle and the role Pennsylvania's forests play in protecting the quality of our surface water and groundwater supplies. It is part of an educational series for youth.
Roadside dumps are a form of illegal dumping wherein wastes are disposed of in an unauthorized area, typically quiet areas that afford easy access by vehicles. This publication addresses the complex issue of water quality as it is affected by solid wastes that have been mismanaged.
Acid rain and acid mine drainage have polluted thousands of miles of Pennsylvania streams with acid water. This publication explains the chemistry of streams, treatment objections and guidelines, and passive treatment methods.
Riparian buffers are one solution for protecting Pennsylvania's waters. This brochure explores the problem, the riparian buffer solution, streambank fencing, fence with vegetation buffers, and the gold bar; forested riparian buffers.