Information and resources to help you manage water quality for irrigation and livestock.
Water testing for livestock drinking water, nurseries & greenhouses, and farm food safety is available from the Penn State Ag Analytical Services Lab.
Basic interpretation of how various water quality parameters can influence plant growth during irrigation.
This fact sheet describes some of the common pollutants found in water supplies in Pennsylvania and their potential effect on dairy cows. It also discusses average water use by dairy cows and how water quality can impact water intake.
Water quality plays a critical role in determining successful production of nursery and greenhouse crops, and should be considered in fertilization management and disease control.
These Penn State Extension fact sheets will provide you with guidance on building and operating home irrigation systems for fruit and vegetable gardens and container gardens.
Precipitation in Pennsylvania is usually sufficient for growing many agronomic and some horticultural crops. However, irrigation often is necessary because of the uneven distribution of precipitation throughout the year, especially during critical growth periods.
Drip or trickle irrigation is a very efficient method of applying water and nutrients to crops. For many crops, the conversion from sprinkler to drip irrigation can reduce water use by 50 percent.
A quick check of the quality of water you use for irrigation and pesticide application can save you time and headaches in the future.
Information on the causes and impacts of high salt levels in high tunnels as well as potential solutions.
Penn State Extension hosts a monthly webinar series on topics related to water issues for homeowners, gardeners, water professionals, youth educators, and more.
Microsoft Excel, 210.0 kB
This spreadsheet allows you to estimate your daily water use on your farm using some simple inputs. Cells that are highlighted in yellow are cells that you can fill in with estimates from your farm (note that some yellow shaded cells may not apply to your farm operation - in those cases simply leave those cells blank). Cells that are shaded blue will be calculated for you based on your inputs. Your total farm water use will appear at the bottom of this spreadsheet. An example herd of 250 Holsteins is shown in the gray shaded area to the right.
AlkCalc is an online tool for estimating chemical recipes for adjusting acidity and alkalinity developed by Extension at the University of New Hampshire, North Carolina State, and Purdue University.