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Forest Finance Series Publications

The Forest Finance publications are a series about issues related to forest economics.

This publication, the first in a series about issues related to forest economics, compares two commonly used timber harvesting techniques—diameter-limit cutting and crown thinning—from the perspective of long-term economic sustainability. It includes typical financial returns over the life of a sample northern hardwood stand.

This publication explores the problem of deer browsing, explains how it affects forest regeneration, and compares several varieties of fencing commonly used by forest owners.

This article explains the importance of keeping accurate, complete, and well-organized records about forest management activities and expenses, particularly as they relate to income taxes. You will be introduced to record keeping, explore what should be recorded, and are offerd examples of simple recording systems.

Property taxes are usually based on the property's fair market value, but many forest and farm landowners in Pennsylvania can enroll in a tax program known as Clean and Green. This program provides tax relief to eligible owners to encourage them to keep their land operating as forests and farms, preserving open space. This article explains how taxes on forest property are asses in Pennsylvania, and the various options available to landowners interested in programs such as Clean and Green.

American ginseng has been sought after for at least two centuries in Pennsylvania, and many people continue to see wild plants for market collection. This publication provides information on ginseng as a native forest resource, ginseng culture on Pennsylvania forestlands, and marketing and legal considerations.

Leasing forest and agricultural land can be a win-win situation for landowners and hunters.This publication describes elements of marketing and pricing leases for hunters to use your property.

Tree shelters play an important role in many situations. This publication discusses uses, types, and costs of tree shelters.

This publication discusses issues pertaining primarily to the financial decision to harvest timber. The first section is a brief This publication discusses issues pertaining primarily to the financial decision to harvest timber. The first section is a brief overview of how to estimate timber value and price. The next section covers what is meant by forest "maturity," and the final section shows how to determine and calculate when to cut timber to maximize financial returns.