Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) is another botanical with a long production history. While having a somewhat less colorful history than ginseng, over-collection has reduced the population to dangerously low levels in many states. CITES also lists goldenseal and the US Fish and Wildlife Service regulates its collections.
Currently, goldenseal production and marketing is experiencing rapid expansion in the United States. Demand probably currently exceeds supply, because of the increasing acceptance of botanical products by the health food industry. Unlike ginseng production, where not only plant quantity but also visual and precieved chemical quality differences are important to sale price, goldenseal is primarily traded by weight.
Goldenseal's site requirements closely parallel the requirements for ginseng.