Cultivation of Ginseng
Ginseng has fairly stringent environmental requirements. It requires at least 70 percent shade. The soil must have enough base nutrients (15-20 percent base saturation) to meet its needs, but not so much that the soil pH exceeds 6 (liming is out of the question unless pH is too low). The soil must be moist, but well-drained. To achieve this, the organic matter content has to be pretty high. Heavy clays and very sandy soils are poor for ginseng. Ginseng does not compete will with other plants, so vegetation control is necessary.
Ginseng grows best in small patches, not rows or giant beds. So plantings should be dispersed throughout your woodlot.
When assessing root quality, remember that field grown roots sell for approximately $20 a pound; however, wild ginseng can sell from $500 to $1000 a pound. In other words, it pays to produce roots that look wild.
After deciding on a site, ordering seeds and seedlings is next.
If you have read this far, you are probably interested in trying ginseng cultivation for yourself.
During the early years, care for ginseng is critical to production success.
Wild-simulated ginseng requires eight or more years between planting and harvest. The older roots are worth much more.
Ginseng has a wonderfully developed network of brokers in most states where it naturally occurs. Selling to these brokers may provide the most feasible method for marketing, especially if you sell only small quantities.