IPM Academic Standards
22 Pa. Code, Chapter 4, Appendix B
Final Form - January 5, 2002
4.5. Integrated Pest Management
Pennsylvania's public schools shall teach, challenge and support every student to realize his or her maximum potential and to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to:
4.5.4. GRADE 4
A. Know types of pests.
Identify classifications of pests.
Identify and categorize pests.
Know how pests fit into a food chain.
B. Explain pest control.
Know reasons why people control pests.
Identify different methods for controlling specific pests in the home, school and community.
Identify chemical labels (e.g., caution, poison or warning).
C. Understand society’s need for integrated pest management.
Identify integrated pest management practices in the home.
Identify integrated pest management practices outside the home.
4.5.7. GRADE 7
A. Explain benefits and harmful effects of pests.
Identify different examples of pests and explain the beneficial or harmful
effects of each.
Identify several locations where pests can be found and compare the effects the pests have on each location.
B. Explain how pest management affects the environment.
Explain issues related to integrated pest management including biological
technology, resistant varieties, chemical practice, medical technology and
Describe how integrated pest management and related technology impact human activities.
Identify issues related to integrated pest management that affect the environment.
C. Explain various integrated pest management practices used in society.
Compare and contrast integrated pest management monitoring methods utilized
in different community settings.
Compare integrated pest management to past practices.
Compare and analyze the long-term effects of using integrated pest management products.
4.5.10. GRADE 10
A. Identify similar classifications of pests that may or may not have similar effects on different regions.
Identify environmental effect(s) of pests on different regions of the world.
Identify introduced species that are classified as pests in their new environments.
B. Analyze health benefits and risks associated with integrated pest management.
Identify the health risks associated with chemicals used in common
Assess various levels of control within different integrated pest management practices including increased immunity to pesticides, food safety, sterilization, nutrient management and weed control.
C.Determine the effects of integrated pest management practices on society over time.
Analyze the risks to the environment and society associated with alternative
practices used in integrated pest management.
Analyze the benefits to the environment and society associated with alternative practices used in integrated pest management.
4.5.12. GRADE 12
A. Research integrated pest management systems.
Analyze the threshold limits of pests and the need for intervention in a
Research the types of germicides and analyze their effects on homes, industry, hospitals and institutions.
Design and explain an integrated pest management plan that uses a range of pest controls.
B. Research and analyze integrated pest management practices globally.
Research worldwide integrated pest management systems and evaluate the level
Research and analyze the international regulations that exist related to integrated pest management.
Explain the complexities associated with moving from one level of control to the next with different integrated pest management practices and compare the related costs of each system.
C. Analyze the historical significance of integrated pest management on society.
Explain the dynamics of integrated pest management practices and their
relative effects upon society.
Identify historic events affecting integrated pest management and cite the practices used (e.g., avian flu, bubonic plague, potato plight).
Research and analyze the long-term effects of pest management practices on the environment.