Keep Cool When Weather Is Hot and Humid
Posted: July 27, 2016
We are all at risk for heat-related illnesses but some are at greater risk including:
- The elderly and infants.
- Those that have medical conditions such as heart disease, pregnancy, or circulatory problems.
- People who are not physically fit or are overweight.
- Those who consume alcohol and or drugs including some prescription medications which may interfere with the ability to sweat.
- People who are not well hydrated.
To prevent illness, follow these tips for staying cool from the University of Florida Extension.
- Slow down. Strenuous activities should be reduced, eliminated, or rescheduled to the coolest time of the day. At-risk individuals should stay in the coolest available place, not necessarily indoors.
- Dress for summer. Lightweight, light-colored clothing reflects heat and sunlight and helps your body maintain normal temperatures.
- Drink plenty of water and other nonalcoholic fluids. Your body needs water to keep cool. Drink plenty of fluids even if you don't feel thirsty. People who (1) have epilepsy or heart, kidney, or liver disease; (2) are on fluid-restrictive diets; or (3) have a problem with fluid retention should consult a physician before increasing their consumption of fluids.
- Avoid the use of alcohol, drugs, caffeine, and large amounts of sugar when exposed to heat because they can increase your rate of dehydration.
- Check your prescriptions and over-the-counter medications to determine if there are any side effects when you are exposed to heat.
- Spend more time in air-conditioned places. Air conditioning in homes and other buildings markedly reduces danger from the heat. If you cannot afford an air conditioner, spending some time each day in an air-conditioned environment (during hot weather) can offer some protection.
- Don't get too much sun. Sunburn makes it harder for you to cool off.
- Never leave children or pets in a parked car. The temperature inside cars can rise to 135°F in less than ten minutes, which can kill children or pets. If you see a child or pet left unattended in a parked car, you should call 911.