Exotic Livestock


Although bison still have many of their wild tendencies and are only semi-domesticated, they are an agricultural alternative appropriate for small-scale and part-time farms. Bison adapt to a wide range of environments, feed sources, and management systems.


Commercial elk farming is a relatively new business that seen steady growth in the United States because of increasing demand for deer products, minimal acreage requirements for production, and adaptability of these animals to marginal pastures. Elk production is one way to diversify an existing grazing operation.

Red Deer

Red deer production may be a good option for some small or part-time farming operations, but potential producers should understand that they will need to be very active in marketing their product and be aware of the special handling requirements involved with deer.

Bedded white-tailed deer

White-tailed deer farming has become an established and growing industry over the past two decades. White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are a species of wild ruminant commonly found in much of North America and a member of the Cervidae family, which includes deer, caribou, elk, and moose.