University of California publications addressing the issue of animal care relating to food production in California. This publication is a joint effort of the Poultry Working Group, Cooperative Extension, and industry representatives.
Many factors affect egg quality. As a hen ages, the shells thin. Genetics, feed quality, medications and environment (light, temperature, etc.) play a role in egg quality.
Author: Beyer, R. Scott
Part of the Small Scale Poultry Production Series By: Phillip J. Clauer, Poultry Extension Specialist, PSU.
A sound nutrition program is essential to a successful poultry operation. From an economic standpoint, feeding accounts for 60 to 70 percent of the cost of production.
Author(s): Beyer, R. Scott, Wilson, Kenneth J.
Ninth Revised Edition, 1994 Ninth Revised Edition, 1994 (1994) This edition includes more discussion on key facets of nutrients, nutrient requirements, and nutrient sources. Detailed documentation of the scientific literature used to establish or estimate the requirements is also included in Appendix A. Energy, specific nutrients, and certain non-nutritive feed ingredients are discussed in general terms in Chapter 1. Nutrient requirements for specific types of poultry are presented and discussed in Chapters 2 through 6, with each chapter devoted to a different type.
By: Francine A. Bradley Extension Poultry Specialist University of California, Avian Sciences Department, Davis.
Methods used to prevent hens from eating eggs.
Author(s): Beyer, Scott R
Egg eating by hens is a habit formed over time which is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to break. It is important you plan and manage your facilities so that the hen never gets the first taste of a broken egg. By: Phillip J. Clauer, Virginia Cooperative Extension.
Individuals may raise and process poultry broilers using simple equipment, and achieve results with no more food safety risk than broilers purchased at the supermarket.
Good layers develop from healthy, well-bred chicks raised under good feeding and management programs. Buying the right type of chick is important for the most economical production. By: Melvin L. Hamre, Department of Animal Science, University of Minnesota.
UA335. (Organic and Nonorganic) In the 1980s and 1990s, small-scale egg production has made a comeback, mainly because of changing consumer demands and emerging niche markets. This six-page publication, part of the Agricultural Alternatives series focusing on small-scale and part-time farming operations, covers small-scale egg production marketing, production considerations, disease problems, and regulations, and includes sample budgets and references for more information. (1999). By: Dr. Paul Patterson, PSU Extension.
The voluntary USDA shell egg grading program operates under these standards, grades, and weight classes and the shell egg grading regulations. The voluntary program provides for interested parties a national grading service based on official U.S. standards, grades, and weight classes for shell eggs.
A common question from small backyard laying flock owners is "Why have my hens stopped laying?" There are many factors which can cause hens to stop laying and in many cases there are multiple causes which add up to few or no eggs. The most common causes of decreased egg production include: decreasing daylength, improper nutrition, disease, advancing age and stress. By: Phillip J. Clauer, Virginia Cooperative Extension.