In 2015, over half of the milk produced in the U.S. came from five states: California, Wisconsin, Idaho, New York, and Pennsylvania. These states have accounted for over 50% of U.S. milk production annually for the last decade. Despite annual production rankings, how do these states compare between themselves for annual milk per cow, milk price, feed cost, and more importantly income over feed cost (IOFC)?
The Penn State Extension Dairy Business Management Team summarizes Pennsylvania dairy cash flow plans annually to assess the factors that lead to farm profitability. In 2015, the 105 farms in the summary were divided by farm size to determine if there are any benefits to larger-scaled farms.
Structures that house cattle are vital to the success of a dairy business. It is essential these buildings are able to withstand weather events, have tolerable maintenance costs, and contain materials resistant to an interior environment that can be rather aggressive. Buildings need to provide a safe environment for employees and animals, remain in good condition for their functional life with minimal maintenance, and last (at least) the duration of the loan taken to construct them.
It is increasingly common for dairy managers to use tools that allow for pregnancy diagnosis earlier than the traditional 35 to 45 days after insemination. Diagnosing pregnancy early is beneficial for identifying open cows and allowing for reinsemination strategies that will help minimize days open and increase profitability, but losing confirmed pregnancies can be very frustrating.
As spring takes hold across the state and country, research and outreach efforts at the University are continuing to combat the decline of bees and other pollinators in an effort to safeguard our environment and the agriculture industry in Pennsylvania and around the world. This issue includes stories on faculty and student pollinator research, features ongoing work at Penn State to assist bees and other pollinators, and provides tips on how everyone can get involved and support pollinator health.
Harnessing an invasive fish species sounded like a promising conservation tool to help reverse the destruction wreaked by zebra mussels on endangered native mollusks in the Great Lakes -- except that it won't work, says an ecologist.
Researchers show the link between exposure to pharmaceutical contaminants and consumption of fresh produce grown in reclaimed wastewater-irrigated soil. A new study shows that eating vegetables and fruits grown in soils irrigated with reclaimed wastewater exposes consumers to minute quantities of carbamazepine, an anti-epileptic drug commonly detected in wastewater effluents.
People boating and fishing on the Chesapeake last year kept noticing something they don’t often see — clear water.
In celebration of Earth Day, Penn State Extension Educator, Jim Clark, helped to organize the PA CleanWays of McKean County, an affiliate of Keep Pennsylvania Beautiful, successful highway collection on Saturday, April 23, 2016.
Unusually warm weather in March, despite relatively colder conditions in early April, pushed the development of most insect pests well ahead of a routine timetable.
Now—before the trees are fully leaved—is an ideal time to observe factors that help to describe forest health.
This new bulletin (E3314) was published in April by the Michigan State University Extension. This easy-to-read bulletin contains research-based, practical information that can be useful to create and maintain pollinator friendly landscapes.
There are many ways to use eggplant in cooking, but a favorite dip served with pita bread is a great summer treat. This recipe for Baba Ganoush is from the Mediterranean Cuisine Comes to PA program.
As a motorist, you also have responsibilities in reducing the accident risk while sharing the road with farm equipment.
If you are a certified pesticide applicator you are hopefully familiar with the PA Plants website. This site is where certified applicators can update their profiles, check the credits they have received and need before license expiration, find out what fees are due and check records of payment.
Looking to add some diversity and oomph to your pollinator garden? Or maybe create a landscape that you can also eat? Check out the Oregon grapeholly. While perennial and annual flowers get most of the glory and attention, there are not a lot of options in shrub material that are an early season food source.
“EPA has developed its new Safer Choice label so that it will be easier for shoppers to choose cleaning and home care products that are safer for families, pets, communities and the environment,” said EPA Mid-Atlantic Regional Administrator Shawn M. Garvin. “Our Safer Choice program empowers consumers to protect their health and minimize the impact on the environment through everyday purchasing decisions.”
In recent years, researchers have been studying the impacts of gratitude on individual well-being and health. People who are consistently grateful have been found to be happier, more energetic, and more hopeful and report experiencing more frequent positive emotions. Read on to learn how you can practice gratitude.
With the growing number of "milks" on the market, it can be confusing when deciding which to select. How do you know which is best for you nutritionally as well as taste and cost? Find out how they compare.
Spotted wing drosophila, or Drosophila suzukii, lays eggs in such valuable soft-skinned fruit as raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, strawberries and cherries. The eggs develop into larvae, leaving the fruit unmarketable.