Bovine tuberculosis is still found worldwide but many countries, including the United States, have greatly reduced or even eliminated the disease from their cattle herds. Unfortunately, despite getting very close to eliminating this disease in US cattle, we never quite got there in the early 1990's.
Here are some common techniques producers use to keep their animals healthy and avoid having to treat them.
Currently in the US, feed stores can sell certain antibiotics for oral use in animals without veterinary supervision. This will change starting in December 2016. The changes instituted by the FDA are part of a voluntary program by the agricultural pharmaceutical and livestock industries to phase out certain antibiotics labelled for use as growth promotion in production animals.
On a cool day in late October, nineteen workshop participants were treated to a full program about hoof health in dairy cattle. A portion of the workshop was held at a Marion Center dairy farm, where everyone had an opportunity to get "hands on" practice.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has released a "Checklist for Self-Assessment of Enhanced Poultry Biosecurity" and training materials as part of ongoing preparation efforts for highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).
Right now, in the vast prairie pothole region of southern Canada and the United States' upper Midwest, waterfowl are mingling, raising their young and instinctively preparing to migrate, some leaving as early as August. All spring and summer these wild birds have shared aquatic habitats, food supplies, brood-rearing responsibilities and likely something ominous—avian flu.
In order to have a good handle on some of your production practices, you need to review your records on a regular basis. This includes not only financial records for filing taxes, but your production records for evaluating the sheep flock.
Silvopasture is the integration of trees, livestock, and forage crops together on the same land to create dual income from timber and livestock. In recent years there has been more interest in these types of systems. Grazing livestock in wooded areas was once very common in the northeastern U. S.
Cattle managers need to be thinking about heat stress in their stock and how it can be mitigated. It is better to do some planning and strategizing ahead of time rather than reacting after the heat wave starts.
High populations of different flies can have a negative impact on the productivity and profitability of beef cattle enterprises.
Experts aren't sure why Pennsylvania so far has been spared in the outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza that has caused massive losses to the poultry industry in the Midwest. But it could be just a matter of time until the virus shows up in the Keystone State.
The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture encourages the poultry industry to practice biosecurity measures and stresses the need for vigilance and preparedness in wake of avian flu outbreak. The Department is actively working with industry and government agencies following confirmed positive tests in other states.
The DPM Certificate Program VII will update and refocus the dairy practitioner by providing skills and knowledge in production medicine.
Antibiotic resistance has been a focus area emphasized by the Veterinary Extension Team for several years. The President of the United States also feels that this is one of the most pressing public health and animal agricultural issues. His FY 2016 budget nearly doubles the amount of Federal funding for combating and preventing antibiotic resistance to more than $1.2 billion.
As we move into hotter weather, cattle managers need to be thinking about heat stress in their stock and how it can be mitigated. It is better to do some planning ahead of time rather than reacting after a heat wave starts.
High populations of different flies can have a negative impact on the productivity and profitability of beef cattle enterprises. Learn how to minimize the impact they have on your herd.
A few simple steps preparing for weaning can minimize the stress to both ewes and lambs in your flock.
The Penn State Veterinary Extension group will be offering the next edition of the Dairy Production Medicine (DPM) Certificate Program for veterinarians this fall, 2014.
Earlier this year a field study was initiated to look into potential causes of stillborn calves in dairy and beef herds in Pennsylvania.
Despite the best intentions and care in animal agricultural facilities there are occasional animal mortalities. Until very recently there was a viable rendering industry that would collect the deceased animal and recycle the carcass back into useful products. Changes in economics and the emergence of disease agents that must be prevented from circulating in animal herds and flocks have made rendering of carcasses much less attractive or even impossible at times.