It's been said, "If you don't know where you're going, any road will get you there." The same can be true for the information highway, and with the maze of data available today it is easy to get lost. Here are a few key questions to help you focus on the road ahead.
Some of the latest, greatest timed artificial insemination (AI) protocols have become pretty complex, but not without valid reasons.
Farm employees are relied upon to handle tasks so that the farm owners' time can be focused on management. If employees are to excel, they must know how to handle day-to-day situations. This requires proper training on the protocols and practices for their job. But how do managers accomplish this when a language barrier makes communication difficult? Penn State Extension can help bridge the gap with customized training.
As 2015 comes to an end, the next year appears to be more of the same: tight margins due to low milk prices and feed costs still relatively high. Producers have dealt with both scenarios the past six years, however, a new wrinkle has developed: a cap on the volume of milk shipped.
Cows perform best when they can be kept on a consistent ration and forage quality is excellent.
On a cool day in late October, nineteen workshop participants were treated to a full program about hoof health in dairy cattle. A portion of the workshop was held at a Marion Center dairy farm, where everyone had an opportunity to get "hands on" practice.
PCR can be a useful diagnostic aid when combined with other currently available tools and herd data.
Understanding the importance of physically effective fiber and knowing how to measure it accurately can be very helpful in managing high producing cows to avoid sub-acute ruminal acidosis and its negative impact on health and performance.
Forage quality plays a significant role in animal performance and profitability. Producers and nutritionists should be evaluating quality parameters. Ultimately it is the dairy producer who will implement changes to correct any problems.
The dairy industry in 2015 is experiencing a similar down cycle to 2009 and 2012. These volatile market swings are not new or unexpected. There are management practices that can be implemented to help sustain the dairy operation.
Feed cost is one of the largest expenses on dairy farms. In addition to being a major cost, over feeding, under feeding or feeding an improperly balanced diet can impair cow health, decrease milk production, and result in negative environmental impacts. Regular dry matter (DM) testing of feeds and rebalancing the ration to compensate for DM changes ensures that dairy producers are feeding the ration formulated by their nutritionist.
We'll discuss some of the more common problems you can avoid without too much trouble.
There has been a lot of press recently about genetic selection for production efficiency. Research in this area has far reaching implications with climate change, nutrient management and economics. However, how can feed efficiency (FE) be used on the farm right now?
Pennsylvania summers are notorious for being hot and humid. People and animals are usually tolerant of the initial on-set of these conditions in June, but it becomes problematic when heat stress is prolonged.
At Ag Progress Days, a producer, an experienced industry representative, and members of the Penn State Dairy Extension Team will discuss their experiences with the Transformation process.
The Extension Dairy Team has been working with approximately 60 farms evaluating corn silage quality over time. Within farms, it is amazing how much change is occurring in fiber and starch content and digestibility.
In March 2015 the FDA released the results of the Bulk Milk Antibiotic survey that began in 2012. In a survey of milk from 1,912 herds, no samples contained residues from antibiotics that are routinely tested under the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance. However, 15 samples contained residues of other antibiotics that are not routinely measured. In light of the results of this survey, producers and veterinarians should review their treatment protocols and withholding times to further reduce the possibility of residues in milk leaving the farm.
Since its inception in the 1950s, the total mixed ration (TMR) is now the most adopted method for feeding high producing, indoor-housed dairy cows in the world.
There is growing interest in the use of activity monitoring systems on dairy farms. This interest is driven by the desire to improve reproductive performance, reduce labor, and reduce the cost of production. This article will address some common questions about activity systems.
Understanding how ovarian follicles develop and the interplay between hormones and other health factors in a non-pregnant dairy cow can be both fascinating and frustrating. When it comes to the question of how to manage reproduction in an early postpartum cow, it pretty much boils down to one big thing: without ovulation of a follicle, reproduction is not possible. Ovulation is the critical event that must function correctly and be responded to in a timely manner in order to see a new pregnancy established.