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Nutrition

Body condition scoring (BCS) is an easy and effective way to determining an animal’s fat stores and long-term energy balance. This document describes the use of a 5-point scoring system with half scores similar to that used in other domestic species.

Copper (Cu) is another one of the essential microminerals required by llamas and alpacas as well as all other animals and people to help maintain normal body functions.

Selenium (Se) is one of a number of essential microminerals required by llamas and alpacas as well as all other animals and people to help maintain normal body functions.

A brief look into the pathogenicity and prevalence of hepatic lipidosis among camelids.

This publication explains hepatic lipidosis including its causes, how to diagnose it early, and methods for treatment and prevention.

This followup publication about hepatic lipidosis explains treatment for an afflicted animal and offers feeding management methods to lower the risk for this disease.

Learn about camelid growth, growth requirements, growth curves, and proper data collection. Readers may submit growth data for their own camelid(s).

Learn about skin diseases and eating problems in camelids.

A brief explanation of urolithiasis, predisposing factors, and health implications.

This article discusses what type of forage and how much is needed for llamas/alpacas. It provides and overview of forage quality and the important of a good quality forage in the diet.

Learn how to use feed analysis to determine forage quality, and exactly what feeding a high quality forage means.

Learn what grains are, what they contain, and how they can be used to meet the nutritional requirements of llamas and alpacas.

A response to a question about a llama that frequently regurgitates his food after eating; possible explanations and details issues related to grain consumption.

This article explains the benefits of vitamin D in bone development. It discusses Rickets and the signs and symptoms. It also discusses the harmful effects of a deficiency in vitamin D in the diet.

This article discusses whether loose or salt block feeding is more appropriate to feed to alpacas and llamas. It also discusses salt intake and offers recommendations for salt feeding.