Backgrounding is a beef production system that involves maximal use of pasture and forages from the time calves are weaned until they are placed in a feedlot.
On average, about 2.2 years elapse between breeding and the age at which heifer calves may be slaughtered. Producers may retain these calves for herd expansion or sell them, along with steers, to feedlot operators. The beef cow-calf business is well adapted to small-scale and part-time farmers who have land suitable for pasture and hay production.
Production of high-quality dairy-beef is relatively new to the beef industry and depends almost entirely on Holstein bull calves. Until recently, most Holstein calves were sold for veal. However, the high-quality meat produced when these animals are fed high-energy diets and harvested at a young age (12 to 14 months) has become popular with consumers.
Beef cattle feeding is possible on small and part-time farms, but the cost of feeding drops significantly as the size of the operation increases. While it is a high-risk business, less land is required for a cattle feeding operation than for a cow-calf enterprise.
This illustrated guide includes plant layouts and facilities, regulatory agencies and utilities, management, and elementary feasibility calculations for the meat packing business.
Within the cattle industry there has been a shift away from hiring professional technicians to artificially breed cattle and toward artificial insemination by owners/inseminators. Such a trend should not suggest that artificial insemination is an easy technique or that all owner-inseminators are proficient at it.